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Christianity in Africa
Exam 1 - ICS
Terms in this set (34)
What two regions from Africa were present on the day of the Pentecost?
Egypt and Libya
Name the three significant figures of Christianity in 1st century Africa
Began to teach in Egypt and was brought up to go study abroad, teaching baptism and instructing new beleivers
Pastor from Egypt who refuted the teaches under Arias known as motilism and was banished
teaching that God was not triune, but one being who played "different" roles in different times
-from North Eastern Algeria
- he was rebellious and began to follow mami-incarnation of spirit of God, embracing worldly desires.
- changed w/ Romans 13:13-14
- became bishop of Hippo
- wrote "City of God"
3 teachings of Romans 13:13-14 and meaning
Wipe your eyes
- cast off old ways and walk in righteousness; its a lifestyle
In the 1400s, who settled on the Atlantic coast of Africa?
King Afronso 1
- organized calendar around Christian holy days, built church buildings, etc.
- wanted celibacy but didn't understand African culture of large families
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
the trading of African people to the colonies of the New World under Portuguese rule; baptized Africans before trade
Who led the missionaries between 1400s to 1800s
Roman Catholic Church
When did England ban slave trade?
When was slavery outlawed entirely?
freed Africans to lead church - Anglican Church Mission Society; three-self model
Venn's "three-self" model
1) Self-governing: africans leading own church
2) Self-supporting: not depending on foreign $
3) Self-propagating: own missionary leaders
-paired with Venn
-Funded Niger mission which was river trading while evangelizing
Great Scramble for Africa
19th century Europeans claimed all African nations except two
What two nations were not claimed by Europeans in the 19th century?
Ethopia and Liberia
Who were the most vocal critics of the Colonial enterprise and began to outnumber Europeans in the 1930s?
William Wade Harris
-St. Gabriel came to him in jail telling him to spread the gospel
-rattle to let ppl know he was there
-bowl for baptism
-Never started church
African Initiated Churches
Christian churches in Africa that originate not with foreign missions but with local leaders and movements. These churches often incorporate local African customs and religious practices in their expressions of Christianity, such as high view of ancestors and miracles.
What happened in the Colonial Era?
all indigenous world of African life was destroyed
At the beginning of the colonial era: _____ of Africa's population was Christian
At the end of the colonial era, ______ of Africa's population was Christian
What disrupted the Colonial era in Africa? And why?
World War II and Africans started to gain independence
What was the fourth "self" added to Venns model in the Contemporary era?
In 1970, _______ of Christian population in Africa was Pentecostal
Today, ______ of African Christians are pentecostal
What is the difference between past pentecostalism and pentecostal teachings today?
In the past, it was focused on the gifts of the spirit. Now it is focused on the prosperity and deliverance from demonic possession.
the _________ engaged in a massive slaughter of the _______ from April 1994 to July 1994
The Hutu Christian Rwandans; Tutsi Christian Rwandans
How many people died in Hutu vs Tutsi?
What is Ubuntu?
practical theology in Africa that refers to the interconnectedness of all people
Bishop Desmond Tutu
- called by Welson Mendela
- Bishop who led non-violent protests against apartheid in South Africa
Laws in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas, using Babel as driving force
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