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20 terms

Athens & Sparta: Maps and Vocab

Grade 6 social studies, study guide
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Polis
Greek city-state; geographical and political center of Greek life.
Acropolis
A fortified high point of a Greek city-state; most well known in Athens
Agora
An open area at a base of an acropolis of a Greek city-state used as a marketplace and meeting place.
Aristocrats
Greek nobles; upper class who were high up in government.
Helots
Enslaved people ( usually conquered people) who were owned by the Spartan government.
Spartiates
Military professionals who were adults. Male and Spartan citizens.
Perioeci
Merchants and artisans who worked in Sparta and were neither slaves or citizens
Oligarchy
Government in which a few people rule.
Democracy
Government in which the citizens rule
Constitution
A document in which list the rules and law for a government.
Triremes
Three level Greek battleships.
Delian league
A defensive league lead by Athens
Peloponnesian league
defensive league lead by Sparta,
Sparta
a militaristic Greek city-state.
Athens
A democratic Greek city-state.
Pericles
A political leader of Athens during th Golden Ages.
Themistocles
A military leader of Athens.
Battle of Marathon
Land battle in which Athens defeated Darius of Persia.
Battle of Salamis
Sea battle in which Athens defeated Xerxes of Persia.
Cleisthenes
Athenian aristocrat who first introduced the simple democratic vote.