39 terms

CE.7 State Government

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Virginia's government is established by -
Virginia's Constitution
state legislative branch
General Assembly
houses of the General assembly
Senate and the House of Delegates
bicameral
having two houses
state executive
governor
length of governor's terms
four years
the governor appoints -
a cabinet
other executive branch officers with four year terms
- lieutenant governor
- attorney general
4 levels of state courts
- Supreme Court
- Court of appeals
- Circuit Courts
- District Courts
Distrcit courts include -
small claims court and juvenile court
federalism
division of power between the states and the national government
what has altered the relationship between the states and the national government
the expansion of national government powers into areas traditionally reserved to the states
the supreme government
national
powers not given to the national government are reserved to -
the states
concurrent powers
powers shared between the national & state governments
primary national responsibilities
- conduct foreign policy
- regulate commerce
- provide for the common defense
primary state responsibilities
promote public health, safety, education and welfare
tensions exist between national and state government when -
federal mandates require state actions without adequate funding
the lawmaking process requires -
collaboration & compromise
Steps in the Virginia state lawmaking process
- introducing the bill in either house
- working in committees
- debating the bill on the floor
- voting on the bill
- sending the bill to the other house to repeat the process
- sending the bill to the governor
why does the General Assembly write laws
in response to problems or issues
Primary issues in the state level legislative process
- education
- public health
- environment
- state budget
- revenue
Education
to promote an informed and engaged citizenry (i.e. establishing standards for public schools)
Public health
to promote and protect the health of citizens
Environment
to protect natural resources (i.e. improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay)
State Budget
to approve a biennial budget prepared by the governor
biennial
every two years
Revenue
to levy & collect taxes
ways the executive branch influences policy making
- proposes biennial budget
- proposes legislation
- approves, vetoes or line-item vetoes bills
enforces laws and plays a key role in policy making
executive branch
roles of the governor
- chief of state
- chief legislator
- chief executive
- party chief
- commander-in-chief
- chief citizen
Chief of State
ceremonial head of the state government
Chief Legislator
proposer of the legislative agenda
Chief Executive
head of the executive branch of the state government
Party Chief
leader of the party that controls the executive branch
Commander in Chief
head of the armed forces of the Commonwealth
Chief Citizen
representative of all Virginians
Functions of cabinet departments, agencies, commissions and regulatory boards
- administer & enforce laws
- create regulations to monitor aspects of business and the economy
- provide services
heads of cabinet departments
secretaries
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