29 terms

CE.7 State Government

Virginia's government is established by -
Virginia's Constitution
state legislative branch
General Assembly
houses of the General assembly
Senate and the House of Delegates
having two houses
state executive
length of governor's terms
four years
the governor appoints -
a cabinet
other executive branch officers with four year terms
- lieutenant governor
- attorney general
4 levels of state courts
- Supreme Court
- Court of appeals
- Circuit Courts
- District Courts
Distrcit courts include -
small claims court and juvenile court
division of power between the states and the national government
what has altered the relationship between the states and the national government
the expansion of national government powers into areas traditionally reserved to the states
the supreme government
powers not given to the national government are reserved to -
the states
primary national responsibilities
- conduct foreign policy
- regulate commerce
- provide for the common defense
primary state responsibilities
promote public health, safety and welfare
tensions exist between national and state government when -
federal mandates require state actions without adequate funding
First step in the lawmaking process
introducing the bill
Following a debate, a bill is -
voted on
Bills that have passed through both houses are sent to -
the governor
why does the General Assembly write laws
in response to problems or issues
Primary issues in the state level legislative process
- education
- public health
- environment
- state budget
- revenue
to promote an informed and engaged citizenry (i.e. establishing standards for public schools)
Public health
to promote and protect the health of citizens (i.e. fund health benefits)
to protect natural resources (i.e. improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay)
enforces laws and plays a key role in policy making
executive branch
roles of the governor
- chief of state
- chief legislator
- chief administrator
- party chief
- commander in chief
Functions of cabinet departments, agencies, commissions and regulatory boards
- administer laws
- enforce laws
- regulate aspects of business and the economy
- provide services
heads of cabinet departments