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Psy110 Revel Test1 Review
Terms in this set (45)
Which of the following statements best describes the scientific method?
A set of standardized procedures used to investigate a problem and analyze data
Researchers publish a study showing that parental instincts were suppressed during a large-scale emergency. Why might this study be a poor candidate for peer review?
The conditions of the research would be difficult to replicate by other researchers.
How does basic research differ from applied research?
Basic research is primarily knowledge-oriented while applied research is goal-oriented.
Structuralists were interested in _______, while functionalists were interested in
basic mental constructs; mental adaptation to the environment.
Which school of thought in psychology would likely provide the most effective psychotherapeutic tools for treating a sufferer of post-traumatic stress?
Which of the following is an example of a biological rather than a cognitive perspective on behavior?
A subject inherited the tendency to act out in school from his mother.
Outmoded psychological theories such as functionalism have heuristic value today because they
provide models for thinking about how the mind works.
A study asserts that it has established a causal relationship between lifetime hours driven and the risk of stroke. Which of the following questions best demonstrates critical thinking in regard to the study?
Did the researchers examine existing data, or did they set up an experiment?
Which of the following limiting issues can occur in both case studies and observational studies?
Researchers' expectations about a situation cause them to see what they expect to see.
A correlational study finds that the more international flights someone takes, the more likely they are to donate to charities. Which of the following is the most plausible third variable?
Large amounts of disposable income
In an experiment, subjects are asked to listen to several music tracks and then describe their mood and hunger levels. Which of the following is an independent variable?
Type of music heard by the subject
Which of the following statements best describes the purpose of a control group?
A control group shows whether an independent variable causes a measured effect.
Which of the following statements best describes the broadest limitation of experimental studies?
The strict control conditions inside a lab do not replicate real-world experiences.
Which of the following represents a quasi-experiment?
Researchers compare the educational outcomes of children who were exposed to a new method of teaching reading to students who were taught using traditional methods.
Psychological researchers have historically exhibited gender bias by
treating male participants as the assumed baseline for studies.
iEEGs achieve ________ results than EEGs through the use of
more nuanced results; microelectrodes.
Which of the following is an advantage an MRI holds over a CT scan?
Lacks potentially dangerous X-ray exposure
How do afferent neurons differ from efferent neurons?
Afferent neurons relay sensory information to the central nervous system, while efferent neurons carry commands from the brain to the muscles.
Glial cells aid the operation of neurons by
digesting dead brain cells.
The process of action potential in a neuron can be likened to
running a relay race.
A neuron will fire when
excitatory neurotransmitters are present in higher numbers than inhibitory neurotransmitters.
Which of the following examples is a function of parasympathetic outflow?
Stimulating digestive activity in the stomach
How do the functions of the hindbrain differ from the functions of the forebrain?
The structures in the hindbrain administer unconscious bodily controls, while the structures in the forebrain regulate cognition.
Within the cerebrum, the _______ is known as gray matter due to its
cortex; density of neurons.
Which of the following activities is associated with the right hemisphere of the brain?
Practicing a persuasive speech
A patient suffering an injury to Broca's area would likely exhibit which of the following symptoms?
Inability to speak clearly
The process of myelination is associated with
increasing the speed of propagation of impulses along axons.
Which of the following statements best describes the current understanding of neural differences between men and women?
Though men and women have different proportions of gray and white matter in their brains, there is little evidence of associated behavioral difference.
Which of the following components of the endocrine system regulates the body's blood sugar levels?
How does polygenic inheritance differ from multifactorial inheritance?
A trait that has polygenic inheritance is influenced by a variety of genes, whereas a trait with multifactorial inheritance is influenced by genes and the environment.
Which of the following best describes how psychologists' thinking about consciousness has changed over time?
They rejected abstract theories of being in favor of empirical testing.
Which of the following reasons best explains why many different cultures around the world practice means of altering their consciousness?
Human beings have a universal need for a variety of conscious experiences.
Which of the following examples best matches the function of the suprachiasmatic nucleus?
Participation in employment fields that disrupt circadian rhythms can have which of the following effects?
Permanent deficits in memory and reaction time
Which of the following examples would support the circadian theory of sleep rather than the restorative theory of sleep?
Janice wakes up at about the same time every morning, regardless of when she went to bed the night before.
Which of the following best describes the cycle that occurs during a normal night of sleep?
A sleeper dips from alpha wave sleep to delta wave sleep several times before the oscillation narrows.
How do parasomnias differ from dyssomnias?
Parasomnias tend to emerge during deep sleep, while dyssomnias affect the maintenance of normal sleep function.
Compared to REM dreams, NREM dreams are
less frequent and less distinctive.
Which of the following best describes the activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming?
Dreams are the brain's attempts to understand random neural activity.
Which of the following reasons best describes the movement away from Freudian dream analysis?
Psychologists became skeptical that dreams required complex interpretations.
Unlike hypnosis, there is a strong consensus among researchers that meditation
is a genuine state of altered consciousness.
Which of the following examples is the best metaphor for the neodissociation theory of hypnosis?
A driver operates a car according to specific directions, but does not think about the destination while driving.
How is physical drug withdrawal distinguished from psychological drug withdrawal?
Physical withdrawal occurs because the body cannot function with the presence of a substance, while psychological withdrawal occurs out of a need for pleasure.
Lawrence exhibits sleepiness, fatigue, uncontrollable appetite, irritability and anxiety. From which substance is Lawrence likely withdrawing?
Which of the following best argues the case against legalizing marijuana plants for medical purposes?
The active component of marijuana that provides relief can be separated from the recreational drug and delivered in safer forms and dosages.
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