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43 terms

USII.7 World War II

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political and economic conditions following World War I led to -
the rise of fascism and World War II
World War I resulted in -
political instability and economic devastation
Examples of economic devastation
- worldwide depression
- high war debt owed by Germany
- high inflation
- massive unemployment
fascism
political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied
fascism often emphasizes -
nationalism and racism
Adolf Hitler
Germany's fascist dictator
Benito Mussolini
Italy's fascist dictator
Hideki Tojo
Japan's fascist dictator
Axis Powers
Germany, Japan and Italy
Democratic nations known as the Allies
United States, Great Britain and Canada
country that switched sides of World War II after being invaded by Germany
Soviet Union
Franklin Roosevelt
leader of the United States at the beginning of World War II
Harry Truman
leader of the United States at the end of World War II
Winston Churchill
leader of Great Britain
Joseph Stalin
leader of the Soviet Union
American foreign policy evolved from __________ to involvement
isolationism
isolationism was a legacy of -
World War I
the step between isolationism and involvement
economic aid to Allies
reason for tensions between the U.S. and Japan
Japanese aggression in East Asia
December 7, 1941
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
First event of World War II
German invasion of Poland
After Poland, Germany invaded -
France
Germany's bombing of London began -
the Battle of Britain
Lend Lease
exchange of war supplies for military bases
U.S. victory over Japan
Midway
Midway was the -
turning point in the Pacific
Germany's defeat by the Soviet Union
Stalilngrad
Stalingrad was the -
turning point in eastern Europe
D-Day began the -
liberation of western Europe
location of D-Day
Normandy, France
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japanese cities were America dropped atomic bombs
this forced Japan to surrender
atomic bombs
year World War II ended
1945
an example of prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme
the Holocaust
anti-Semitism
hatred of Jewish people
Aryan Supremecy
the idea that there is a master race
the Holocaust was an attempt to -
rid Europe of all Jews
tactics used in the Holocaust
- boycotts
- threats
- segregation
- imprisonment
- killing
Americans were asked to
make sacrifices during World War II
Involvement in World War II ended -
the Great Depression
symbol of women working in defense plants
Rosie the Riveter
Americans supported the war effort by
conserving and rationing resources
internment camps
places Japanese Americans were forced to live during World War II