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Cosmos: Standing Up in the Milky Way (Season 1, Episode 1)
Terms in this set (45)
experiment and observation
Basic approach to science according to Neil deGrasse Tyson: 1) Test ideas by __________.
pass the test
Basic approach to science according to Neil deGrasse Tyson: 2) Build on those ideas that __________.
fail when tested
Basic approach to science according to Neil deGrasse Tyson: 3) Reject the ideas that __________.
wherever it leads
Basic approach to science according to Neil deGrasse Tyson: 4) Follow the evidence __________.
Basic approach to science according to Neil deGrasse Tyson: 5) Question __________.
has no atmosphere
When Tyson says that the Moon "has no sky", what he means is that the Moon __________.
"Our star powers the wind and the waves" through differential heating of the Earth's surface which causes __________.
Most ocean waves are caused by __________.
"Our star powers ... all the life on the surface of the world" because it supplies the energy for __________.
The planet in this solar system closest to the Sun is __________.
The second closest planet to the Sun is __________.
Due to a "runaway greenhouse effect", __________ has the hottest average surface temperature of any planet in the solar system.
The third rock from the Sun is __________.
The fourth planet from the Sun is __________.
A large _________ lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
The largest and fifth planet from the Sun is __________.
Jupiter's Great Red Spot is actually a very large __________.
The sixth planet from the Sun is __________; it is known for its complex ring system.
The seventh planet from the Sun is __________.
The furthest known astronomical body from the Sun that is currently defined as being a planet is __________.
The thousands of smaller objects past Neptune's orbit that include Pluto are known as the __________.
Launched by NASA on September 5, 1977, the space probe __________ has traveled farther from Earth than any other human-made object.
Out beyond the Kuiper belt lies the __________, where comets come from.
Visible light is only a minuscule part of the __________.
__________ light has a lower frequency and a longer wavelength that visible light.
Planets not in orbit around a star are known as __________.
We live in the __________ galaxy.
The Milky Way is a (an) _________ galaxy.
The closest large galaxy to our own (and one of the most distant objects visible to the naked eye) is the __________ galaxy.
We call our two giant galaxies (Milky Way & Andromeda) and a smattering of smaller ones the __________.
The Virgo Supercluster is a collection of thousands of __________.
Scientists currently estimate the __________ to be about 13.8 billion years old.
__________ - the obsolete model of the cosmos that claimed that everything revolved around the Earth.
__________ - the model of the solar system that claimed that the planets revolved around the Sun.
In 1543, Nicolaus ________ published a book that claimed that the Earth and all other known planets revolve around the Sun (heliocentrism).
__________ aimed an early telescope into the sky and discovered that the Milky Way was made of an extremely large number of stars.
Galileo, using an early telescope he designed, discovered the four largest moons of __________.
Big Bang Theory
The theory that all matter and space in the universe exploded out of an infinitely small point (singularity), thus creating the universe.
__________ are formed when gravity collapses enough matter to trigger nuclear fusion.
The process of hydrogen atoms being forced together with so much force that they combine to form helium atoms is a form of __________.
E = mc^2 (mc squared)
What famous equation shows the relationship between mass and energy?
Name the famous physicist who derived the equation E=mc^2.
The __________ is slowly drifting away from Earth.
An impact from an asteroid killed off most __________ about 66 million years ago.
__________ was invented about 6,000 years ago in Mesopotamia (cuneiform).
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