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30 terms

Applied Plant Science - Agri 8

STUDY
PLAY
growing season
period of time between last frost in spring and first frost in the fall
irrigation
artificial application of water to crops
photoperiod
length of light vs. darkness in a day
annual
plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season
biennial
plant that completes its life cycle in two growing seasons
perennial
plant that produces fruit yearly once it reaches maturity
leaf
organ on plant responsible for photsynthesis
blade
large, flat portion of leaf
petiole
connects leaf blade to twig
simple leaf
one leaf blade
compound leaf
leaf consisting of a central petiole and multiple leaflets
stem
structure supporting leaves and carrying sap through the plant
tuber
enlarged, underground stem
bulb
underground stem made in layers, like an onion
herbaceous stems
nonwoody stems; soft and green
xylem
carries water and nutrients from roots to upper parts of plant
phloem
carries sugars made in the leaves to all growing plant parts
roots
vegetative structure which anchors plant to the ground and aborbs water and nutrients from soil
taproot
one large root with a number of branches
fibrous root system
made of many small roots that spread out in the soil
primary root
first root that grows from a seed
root cap
protects root tip as it grows through the soil
transpiration
movement of water out of the leaves
example of plant with a taproot system
carrot
example of a root with a fbrous root system
corn
example of a plant producing tubers
irish potato
example of a plant with simple leaves
oak
example of a plant with compound leaves
locust tree
example of an annual plant
squash
example of a bi-ennial plant
cabbage