20 terms

ZHLS Poetry Terms 3

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Foot
The basic metrical unit that generates a line of verse, in stressed and unstressed syllables.
Trochee
A metrical foot used in formal poetry consisting of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one. "happy" "injure" "planet"
Iamb
A metrical foot composed of one unstressed and one stressed syllable. "behold" "employ" "inject"
Dactyl
A metrical foot composed of one stressed and two unstressed syllables. "carefully" "strawberry" "horrible"
Pyrrhee
A metrical foot composed of two unstressed syllables.
Spondee
A metrical foot composed of two stressed syllables. "heartbreak" "childhood" "black hole"
Anapest
A metrical foot composed of two unstressed syllables and a stressed syllable. "interrupt" "understand" "contradict"
Ambibranch
A metrical foot composed of an unstressed syllable, a stressed syllable, and an unstressed syllable. "forgetful" "resented"
Blank Verse
Poetry written in regular rhythmic meter, usually always iambic pentameter, but without rhyme.
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Meter
The rhythmic structure of a poem.
Form
The structure of a poem: lines, couplets, quatrains, stanzas.
Refrain
A line or lines that are repeated in a poem. In a song, this would be the chorus.
Cadence
The pitch and rhythm of words within a poem. This word refers less to the beat, and more to the sound.
Enjambment
The continuation of a sentence or clause over a line-break.
Caesura
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line. There is one right after the question mark in the first line of this sonnet by Elizabeth Barrett Browning: "How do I love thee? Let me count the ways."
Antithesis
A figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meanings are balanced against each other. An example is "To err is human, to forgive, divine." (Alexander Pope)
Apostrophe
Words that are spoken to a person who is absent or imaginary, or to an object or abstract idea. The poem God's World by Edna St. Vincent Millay begins one: "O World, I cannot hold thee close enough!/Thy winds, thy wide grey skies!/Thy mists that roll and rise!"
Conceit
A fanciful poetic image or extended metaphor that likens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different. An example of a conceit can be found in Shakespeare's sonnet "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" and in Emily Dickinson's poem "There is no frigate like a book."
Litotes
A figure of speech in which a positive is stated by negating its opposite. Some examples of litotes: no small victory, not a bad idea, not unhappy. It is the opposite of hyperbole.