Upgrade to remove ads
HISTORY 1301 TEST 2
Terms in this set (58)
___________ was the region whose slow growing season encouraged "diversified farming."
______connected the New England colonies, England, southern Europe, the West Indies, and Africa.
Often, _____________ was sent to New England from the West Indies and then distilled by New England colonists to make __________ that was traded to Africa for gold and _________
sugar and molasses.
A ___________ is a long Puritan speech that emphasized society's fall from purity and grace to its current, depraved state.
The biggest export from the Middle Colonies was ____________, so much so that New York and Pennsylvania became known to English traders as the "_____________."
The Middle Colonies received most of their immigrants from which four countries?
Scotland, Ireland, Germany and England
During the colonial era, _____________ was the region best known for growing tobacco, a region whose elite were notorious for extravagance and indulgences but who believed they had social responsibilities as the region's economic elite.
Highly influential in America, the ___________ prioritized the ability to reason as the highest form of human attainment
Adam Smith became most famous for his ideas about the laws of ________ and ___________.
supply and demand
Starting with the acquittal of New York newspaperman ________, truth became a legitimate defense against a charge of libel.
John Peter Zenger
While the _____________ advocated a more rationalistic theology, the Protestant denominations of the Great Awakening known as the ______________ supported evangelism, new methods of prayer, and equality before Christ.
As a result of the ________________, the Baptist Church saw its numbers and influence grow considerably in the Chesapeake.
More than one in ________ captives died on the journey known as the "_______________."
The Negro Act, which consolidated South Carolina's slave codes into one comprehensive law, was passed in response to the _____________ in that same colony.
For the colonists, the result of the ________________ was looser governance by the Crown.
Glorious Revolution of 1688
At the ______________ in 1754, representatives from the mainland English colonies met for the first time for a unified purpose.
During ________________ in 1763, the Ottawa and other tribes united in a losing fight against English intrusion of Indian lands.
In 1760, England's ____________ made some momentous changes in the way the colonies were to be governed, not the least of which was rewarding officers and crews of naval vessels for seizing smuggling ships
The _________was designed to tax the colonists for the purpose of paying the soldiers protecting the North American colonies
To try to force Parliament to repeal the __________, opponents in Massachusetts initiated a __________ inviting representatives from all colonies to a __________.
The _______________ , which convened without ______________, showed that the colonists were becoming more unified in their resentment of Parliament rather than the king.
Stamp Act Congress.
Organizing spinning bees to produce homespun cloth, refusing to use British imported tea and other products, and forming groups such as the Daughters of Liberty were ways in which women showed their opposition to the _______________.
The _____________, who took their name from the opposition party in Britain at the time, opposed the infringement of personal liberties at the hands of the central authority of the king.
__________________ were duties designed to protect the British Empire by regulating trade, whereas _______________ were duties that directly affected the internal affairs of the colonies.
In regard to colonial complaints that they had no actual (or "deputy") representation in Parliament, members there argued that every member of Parliament represented every citizen no matter where they resided, so the colonists had _____________ representation in Parliament
Parliament eventually repealed the _______ because of King George withdrawing his support for the act, fearing that it would cost the country too much in lost revenue.
The ________________ affirmed Parliament's authority to legislate for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever."
The ________________ sparked a vigorous debate within the colonies about how far rebellion should go.
The Townshend Acts laid duties on __________, __________, _________, _________ and a handful of other items
lead for paint,
When Parliament repealed most of the Townshend Acts in 1770, it kept the tax on _________ as a symbol of its continued control.
The "Gaspée incident" involved an English naval vessel set upon by angry citizens of the colony of ___________.
The three provisions of the _______________ were that it lowered the tax on tea, gave the East India Company a monopoly on tea sales to the colonies, and appointed agents in England to pay the tea duty and then sell the tea to colonists (which meant that colonial merchants could no longer sell tea).
What are some of the reasons historians have provided regarding why colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians during the Boston Tea Party?
Distinguish each other, promote unity, Native America symbolized both savagery and radical democracy
The ______________ consisted of four separate acts: the ___________, the ____________, the _____________, and the ____________.
Boston Port Act.
Massachusetts Government Act.
Administration of Justice Act.
One of the main fears of the colonists concerning the _______________ was that it would force them to accommodate other religions, particularly Roman Catholicism.
The colonists referred to the _________ and the _________ as the Intolerable Acts.
Quebec and the Coercive acts
The only colony not represented at the First Continental Congress was ____________
After the British rout of the American colonists in Lexington, where the famous "shot heard 'round the world" was fired by the retreating colonists, British troops continued their march to Concord, where they met another colonial militia and were repelled at the _________ in Concord and were forced to alter their route back to Boston.
The ________________ were so called because they could supposedly deploy within a matter of minutes
After the battles of Lexington and Concord, the colonists organized the ________________ in May 1775 to name the militia around Boston as the core of the Continental Army, pass resolutions supporting the war, and approve the Olive Branch Petition.
second continental congress
King George III ___________ the Olive Branch Petition, viewing the colonists as insubordinate subjects of the Crown.
News of the ______________ , the first all-out battle of the Revolutionary War, prompted thousands of additional colonists to join the armed rebellion against Britain.
Battle of Bunker Hill
_______________ of Virginia was the person behind the "Liberty to Slaves" program during the American Revolution.
Most of the colonists who were known as "___________" during the American Revolution were wealthy landholders and slave owners.
________________ is government based on the consent of the people and the protection of individual rights.
About 150,000 copies of Thomas Paine's popular pamphlet ________________, probably the best known expression of republicanism in revolutionary America, were distributed throughout the colonies, helping to convince many Americans to support independence with its simple wording of republican ideals
Who were the five individuals chosen to draft the Declaration of Independence?
John Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Robert R. Livingston of New York, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia
To get men to enlist for the Continental Army, the Continental Congress at first offered them ____________.
large boundaries of land
________________ were currency printed by the Continental Congress during the Revolutionary War that led to high ________________.
Bills of credit,
Washington took his men and crossed the ____________ on Christmas night 1776 in order to recapture ____________ and give his men the morale boost of a victory
The significance of the ________________ was that it convinced several European countries, most importantly the French, to join the patriots in their fight against Britain.
Battle of Saratoga
From the Continental Army's situation during the brutally cold winter of 1777-1778 at ______________, Pennsylvania, one might have expected that the war would not last much longer
American victory at ___________ was complete only after the French naval fleet arrived before the British could rescue the army of General _________________, who was ultimately forced to surrender due to him being stranded at the tip of that area's peninsula.
The _______________ was a plan for American military leaders to take over the Continental Army in order to pass a tax to pay for their salaries and expenses.
New Burgh Conspiracy
In the Treaty of _________, Britain offered generous terms to the Americans in land and trading rights because Britain wanted to make sure that its archrival France would not end up with the best trading rights to the New World.
The Revolutionary War triggered the abolition of slavery in the ___________.
By the time of the Revolution, there still were __________ tribes living on the Atlantic coast
The Virginia Statute on Religious Freedom was drafted by _________________
Recommended textbook explanations
United States History
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts
TEKS United States History To 1877
Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, Donald A. Ritchie, James M. McPherson, Joyce Appleby
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
Sets with similar terms
U.S. History Final Section 3
APUSH Unit 2 Ch. (6-8)
Chapter 5, for History
History Review Ch 4
Other sets by this creator
Government 2306- Final Exam Review
History 1302 FINAL
Exam 4 Government Exam
HIST. 1302 CH 25,26,27