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21 terms

Human Evolution

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Ape
Includes gorilla, orangutan, gibbon and chimpanzee. No tail, large brain; brachiating knuckle walkers
Australopithecus
Group of extinct omnivorous bipedal hominins. Includes A. anamensis, afarensis and africanus
Bipedalism
Walking on 2 legs. Only Australopithecus, Paranthropus and Homo genuses
Broca's area
Area of brain that produces speech
Brow ridge
Bony projection protecting eyes. Prominent in early humans
Cranium
Raised back of skull holding brain
Cultural evolution
Evolution of culture (weapons, tools, art, music, ritual)
Hominid
Family that include apes and humans
Mesolithic
Middle Stone Age, characterized by fishing and foraging for wild grains
Neolithic
New Stone Age - age of agriculture
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age
Paranthropus
Genus of vegetarian hominins includes P.aethiopicus, robustus and boisei
Primate
Order that includes prosimians, monkeys, apes and humans
Sexual dimorphism
Where the male is larger and has structural differences from the female
Simian
Monkey-like
Upper Paleolithic
Culture of Homo Sapiens
Wernicke's area
Area in the brain concerned with recognition of speech
opposable thumb
primate characteristic of having a thumb that can cross the palm and meet the other fingertips; enables animal to grasp and cling to objects.
prehensile tail
long muscular tail used as a fifth limb for grasping and wrapping around objects; characteristic of many New World monkeys.
Neandertal
archaic Homo sapiens that lived from 35 000 to 100 000 years ago faces with prominent noses and brains at least as large as those of modern humans
Cro-Magnon
modern form of Homo sapiens that spread throughout Europe between 35 000 to 40 000 years ago; were identical to modern humans in height, skull and tooth structure, and brain size.