Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Unit 1-Industrialization, Immigration, & Progressivism
Terms in this set (50)
A market in which there are many buyers but only one seller.
A business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
Captain of Industry
a business leader whose means of amassing a personal fortune contributes positively to the country in some way.
a business leader who became wealthy through dishonest methods
Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution
Absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in the same level of production and sharing resources at that level
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy.
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
The development of industries for the machine production of goods.
The Civil War lays a financial foundation, but what two elements propel American Industrialization?
Railroads, and innovation
A produce company that owns the farm, delivery trucks, grocery stores, and produce is an example of what type of business monopoly?
Disney buying Pixar is an example of what type of business monopoly?
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
(1911) 146 women killed while locked into the burning building (brought attention to poor working conditions)
organizations of workers who bargain with employers as a group
to refuse to work in order to force an employer to meet certain demands
Stirkebreakers hired by employers as replacement workers when unions went on strike
the action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.
An immigrant receiving station that opened in 1892, where immigrants were given a medical examination and only allowed in if they were healthy
Inspection station for immigrants arriving on the West Coast
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 law that prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers
Immigration quota act of 1912
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
Gentlemen's Agreement (1907)
Agreement between the United States and Japan in 1907-1908 represented an effort by President Theodore Roosevelt to calm growing tension between the two countries over the immigration of Japanese workers. As the number of Japanese workers in California increased, they were met with growing hostility and racial antagonism fed by inflammatory articles in the press. On October 11, 1906, the San Francisco school board arranged for all Asian children to be placed in a segregated school. Japan was deeply wounded by San Francisco's discriminatory law aimed specifically at its people. President Roosevelt intervened. Japan agreed to deny passports to laborers intending to enter the United States. This was followed by the formal withdrawal of the San Francisco school board segregation order. Enabled US to preserve good relations with Japan as a counter to Russian expansion in the Far East.
education program designed to help immigrants assimilate to american culture. America as "Melting Pot"
Movement of people from rural areas to cities
Poorly built, overcrowded housing where many immigrants lived
period of political and social reform that lasted roughly from the 1890s to the 1920s
Leaders of political machines that bribed citizens in order to receive votes
Sherman Antitrust Act
1890 law banning any trust that restrained interstate trade or commerce
A monopoly that controls goods and services, often in combinations that reduce competition.
Allows the federal government to collect income tax
Direct election of senators
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
A ballot vote in which citizens select a party's nominee for the general election.
How did Political Bosses stay in power?
What were journalists working for reforms called?
What two major concerns did American's have about the government during the Industrial Age or Gilded Era?
13th Amendment (1865)
Abolition of slavery w/o compensation for slave-owners
14th Amendment (1868)
citizenship, due process, equal protection
15th Amendment (1870)
U.S. cannot prevent a person from voting because of race, color, or creed
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
Plessy v. Ferguson
Separate but equal
Booker T. Washington
proponent of gradual gain of equal rights for African-Americans
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Sets with similar terms
us history vocab (industrialization)
Study Guide for Unit 1 Industrialization and Progr…
APUSH Period 6 Final
Unit 1 study guide
Other sets by this creator
Other Quizlet sets
Astigmatism and Cylinder Lenses
midterm 1 review
Diseases and Disorders Module 8 Test Review