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Terms in this set (28)
Group B streptococcus (a beta-hemolytic strep)
"is a type of bacterial infection that can be found in a pregnant woman's vagina or rectum. This bacteria is normally found in the vagina and/or rectum of about 25 % of all healthy, adult women. Those women who test positive for GBS are said to be colonized. A mother can pass GBS to her baby during delivery.
Trial of Labor after CesareanPCS - Primary (first) cesarean section or C-section
"A trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) is the attempt to have a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery."
PCS & RCS
PCS - Primary (first) cesarean section or C-section
RCS - Repeat cesarean section or C-section (has had one or more previous c/s)
Artificial rupture of membranes
Spontaneous rupture of membranes
Rupture of membranes
Vacuum assisted vaginal delivery
"An obstetric procedure used to assist in the birth of a fetus by applying suction to the fetal head with a soft suction cup attached to a suction bottle (pump) by tubing and placing the device against the occiput of the fetal head"
Gestational diabetes mellitus (differentiated from DM - diabetes mellitus)
"is a condition in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibit high blood glucose (blood sugar) levels during pregnancy (especially during their third trimester). Gestational diabetes is caused when insulin receptors do not function properly. This is likely due to pregnancy-related factors such as the presence of human placental lactogen that interferes with susceptible insulin receptors. This in turn causes inappropriately elevated blood sugar levels"
"is the common term used during pregnancy to describe how far along the pregnancy is. It is measured in weeks, from the first day of the woman's last menstrual cycle to the current date. A normal pregnancy can range from 38 to 42 weeks"
Estimated date of birth/delivery/cesarean (confinement or delivery)
"is the date that spontaneous onset of labor is expected to occur. The due date may be estimated by adding 280 days ( 9 months and 7 days) to the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP)"
" is generally defined as the distance from the pubic bone to the top of the uterus measured in centimeters. After the first 16 weeks of pregnancy, your fundal height measurement often matches the number of weeks you've been pregnant"
Electronic fetal monitoring
"monitor placed on abdomen to detect FHR and any contractions or fetal movement"
"The tightening and shortening of the uterine muscles. During labor, contractions accomplish two things: (1) they cause the cervix to thin and dilate (open); and (2) they help the baby to descend into the birth canal."
Fetal heart rate (tone)
"usually ranges from 120 to 160 beats per minute (bpm) in the in utero period. It is measurable sonographically from around 6 weeks and the normal range varies during gestation, increasing to around 170 bpm at 10 weeks and decreasing from then to around 130 bpm at term"
Fetal heart rate pattern
Fetal scalp electrode (same as FECG)
"is a procedure used to evaluate the well-being of the fetus by assessing the rate and rhythm of the fetal heartbeat. A wire electrode is attached to the fetal scalp through the cervical opening and is connected to the monitor"
"identifies whether an increase in FHR occurs when fetus moves, indicating adequate oxygenation, a healthy neural pathway from fetal CNS to the fetal heart, and ability of heart to respond to stimuli" A EFM is placed and mother presses remotes when she feels movement.
IUGR - Intrauterine growth restriction
"refers to the poor growth of a baby while in the mother's womb during pregnancy. Specifically, it means the developing baby weighs less than 90% of other babies at the same gestational age"
FGR - fetal growth restriction
" fetal weight that is below the 10th percentile for gestational age as determined through an ultrasound."
"occurs when regular contractions begin to open your cervix before 37 weeks of pregnancy. A full-term pregnancy should last about 40 weeks. If preterm labor can't be stopped, your baby will be born early. The earlier premature birth happens, the greater the health risks for your baby."
Estimated Blood Loss
Normal sterile (spontaneous) vaginal delivery (are deliveries really sterile?)
Vaginal delivery after cesarean
"if you've delivered a baby by C-section, you might have a choice with your next pregnancy — schedule s repeat C-section or attempt vaginal birth after cesarean"
Sterile vaginal exam
Intrauterine fetal death (demise)
"confirmed by visualization of fetal h w/ abcense of heart action on ultrasound - happens after the 20 week mark; before that is considered a miscarriage"
Pregnancy induced hypertension
"is a condition of high blood pressure during pregnancy. Gestational hypertension can lead to a serious condition called preeclampsia "
... is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defective gene that affects metabolism, such that phenylalanine cannot be metabolized. PKU can result in severe mental deficiency, but serious problems can be warded off by a special diet if detected early.
LMP - Last menstrual period
Intrauterine pressure catheter
"used to measure the exact force of contractions on the uterus"
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