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First Aid CPR
KIN 3 CHAPTER 1-5
Terms in this set (51)
What is the Good Samaritan Law?
Good Samaritan laws, which protect the responder
from financial liability, were developed to encourage
people to help others in emergency situations. They
assume a responder will do their best to save a
life or prevent further injury. Good Samaritan laws
require the responder to use common sense and a
reasonable level of skill, and to give only the type of
emergency care for which the responder is trained.
Good Samaritan laws usually protect responders who
act the way a "reasonable and prudent person" would
act if that person were in the same situation.
What is the Check-Call- Care protocol?
They are the 3 C's of an emergency
1. CHECK the scene and the person
2. CALL 9-1-1 or the designated emergency number
3. CARE for the person.
What are the lay responders 4 steps in an emergency?
1. Recognize that an emergency exists
2. Decide to act
3. Activate the ems system
4. Give care until help takes over
The WORST thing you can do in an emergency is?
What are the Barriers to act?
Reasons for why people hesitate or do not act after recognizing an emergency
The common barriers to act at the scene of an emergency are?
panic or fear of doing something wrong,
being unsure of the person's condition and what to do, assuming someone else will take action,
type of injury or illness,
fear of catching a disease,
fear of being sued,
being unsure of when to call 911 or the local emergency number,
List Life threatening emergencies
1. uncontrolled bleeding
2. no airway not breathing
3. no pulse not breathing
4. Anaphylaxis (life threatening allergic reaction)
When you call EMS what information is important to provide?
•The location of the emergency (the address, or
nearby intersections or landmarks if the address
is not known)
•The nature of the emergency (e.g., whether
police, fire or medical assistance is needed)
•The telephone number of the phone being used
•A description of what happened
•The number of injured or ill people
•What help, if any, has been given so far, and by whom
Which emergency move is exhausting and may cause back strain?
The clothes drag can be used to move a conscious or unconscious victim suspected of having a head, neck or back injury. This emergency move is exhausting and may cause back strain for the rescuer, even when done properly.
What are the 5 major body cavities and what organs are inside each cavity?
Cranial cavity=Housing the brain and the pituitary gland
Spinal cavity=Housing the spinal cord
Thoracic cavity=Housing the heart and lungs
Abdominal cavity=Housing the major digestive organs
Pelvic cavity=Housing the urinary and reproductive organs
cranial cavity contains
Housing the brain and the pituitary gland
spinal cavity contains
thoracic cavity contains
contains heart and lungs
abdominal cavity contains
the organs of digestion and excretion, including the
liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, stomach and intestines
Contains the bladder, rectum and
internal female reproductive organs
Look, Listen, Feel
how do you check for breathing
When do you Look, Listen, Feel?
If the person appears to be unresponsive
For how long do look, listen, feel?
no more than 10 seconds
How do you Look, Listen, Feel?
To check if a person is still breathing:
•look to see if their chest is rising and falling.
•listen over their mouth and nose for breathing sounds.
•feel their breath against your cheek for 10 seconds.
How do you check for unconsciousness?
1. Check for responsiveness. Tap the person's shoulder and shout, "Are you OK?"
2. If there is no response, call 911 and access an AED if available. If necessary,
place the victim in the recovery position to maintain an open and clear airway.
3. Open the airway. Tilt the head and lift the chin.
4. Check for breathing. Check for no more than 10 seconds.
5. Quickly scan for severe bleeding.
6. If the victim is not breathing, perform CPR or immediately use an AED if available.
7. If the victim is breathing, maintain an open airway. Monitor breathing and any
changes in condition.
Emergency medical responder (EMR)
A person trained in emergency care who may be
called on to give such care as a routine part of their job until more advanced emergency medical
services (EMS) personnel take over. EMRs often are the first trained professionals to respond to
emergencies; also called "first responders."
Why should you always check the scene before approaching a victim?
You might become injured or ill yourself if the scene is unsafe
How do you check a conscious person?
If the person is awake and has no life-threatening conditions, you can begin to check for other conditions that may need care. Checking a responsive person who is awake with no immediate life-threatening conditions involves two basic steps: interview the person and bystanders using the SAMPLE questions and check the person from head to toe.
What would you first do when checking an unconscious person?
1. Check their breathing by tilting their head back and looking and feeling for breaths.
Direct contact transmission occurs
when the infected blood or OPIM from one person enters another person's body at a correct entry site. For example, direct transmission can occur through infected blood splashing in the eye or by directly touching body fluids from an infected person
Other potentially infectious materials
Indirect contact transmission occurs
when a person touches an object that contains the blood or OPIM of an infected person, and that infected blood or OPIM enters the body through a correct entry site. These objects include soiled dressings, equipment and work surfaces that are contaminated with an infected person's blood or OPIM. For example, indirect contact transmission can occur when a person picks up blood-soaked bandages with a bare hand and the pathogens enter through a break in the skin on the hand
When should you perform emergency rescue moves?
You should move a person only when you can do so safely and only in one of the following three situations:
■ When you must move the person to protect them from immediate danger (such as fire, flood or poisonous gas). However, you should attempt this only if you can reach the person and remove them from the area without endangering yourself.
■ When you must move the person to reach another person who may have a more serious injury or illness.
■ When you must move the person to give proper care. For example, it may be necessary to move a person who needs CPR onto a hard, flat surface.
To move a person who can walk but needs help
How to use Walking Assist
1. Place the person's arm around your shoulder or waist (depending on how tall the person is), and hold it in place with one hand.
2. Support the person with your other hand around the person's waist. (Another responder can also support the person in the same way on the other side.)
Two-person seat carry
To move a responsive person who is not seriously injured
How to use Two-person seat carry
1. Put one arm under the person's thighs and the other across their back, under the arms. Have a second responder do the same.
2. Interlock your arms with the other responder's arms under the person's legs and across the person's back.
3.Lift the person in the "seat" formed by your interlocked arms
To move a responsive or an unresponsive person who may have a head, neck or spinal injury
How to use Clothes Drag
1. Grasp the person's shirt behind the neck, gathering enough material so that you have a firm grip.
2. Cradle the person's head with the shirt and your hands, and pull the person to safety.
To move a responsive or an unresponsive person
How to use Blanket Drag
1. Fold the blanket in half lengthwise and place it so that the fold is alongside the person's body.
2. Take the top layer of the folded blanket and roll it toward the person's body.
3. Position yourself so that the person is between you and the blanket.
4. Put one hand on the person's shoulder and the other on their hip and roll the person onto their side, toward you, and then pull the blanket toward you so that it is against the person's body.
5. Roll the person onto their back, onto the blanket.
6. Pull the side of the blanket that was rolled up toward yourself, so that the person is in the middle of the blanket.
7. Gather the blanket at the person's head and pull the person to safety.
To move a person who is too large to move another way
How to use Ankle Drag
1. Cross the person's arms over their chest.
2. Firmly grasp the person's ankles.
3. Move backward, pulling the person in a straight line and being careful not to bump the person's head.
What is the most important thing you can do in an emergency?
Activating the EMS system by calling 9-1-1 or the local emergency number is the most important step you can take in an emergency.
What are the Seven Body Systems?
Circulatory System/ Cardiovascular System
What are the functions of the Nervous System
• Senses the outside world
• Controls the body
• Communicates with other systems
What are the functions of the Skeletal System
• Provides support and shape
• Protects organs
• Allows movement
• Stores minerals
• Produces red blood cells
What are the functions of the Respiratory System
• Gas exchange between body and air
• Takes in oxygen from the air and puts it in blood
• Releases carbon dioxide from blood into the air
What are the functions of the Circulatory System/ Cardiovascular System
• Transports nutrients and wastes
• Pumps blood
• Picks up oxygen and nutrients and delivers them to the body's cells
• Picks up wastes from cells and delivers them to the excretory and respiratory systems
What are the functions of the Muscular System
• Allows movement
(also pump blood in the heart and move food through the digestive system)
What are the functions of the Excretory System
• Filters out wastes and purifies blood
• Eliminates wastes
• Maintains body's water balance
What are the functions of the Digestive System
• Transforms food into energy
If the scene is unsafe what can you do?
Do not approach the person. Make sure you are a safe distance away and call 9-1-1 or the designated emergency number.
A victim no longer gives you consent what can you do?
If the person gives consent initially but then withdraws it, stop giving care and call for EMS personnel if you have not already done so.
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