theology semester 1 exam
Terms in this set (79)
Briefly explain the creation story
God created the world and everything was good
What are the 5 symbols in the creation story and what do they mean?
water - life
7- fulness and completeness
apple- tree of life
biting into the apple- first sin
catechism points of creation
Who is the pinacle of each creation?
and women are powerful
What is original sin?
the sin we are born with because adam and eves choice
What are the three consequences of original sin and explain them?
darkened intellect- being able to tell right from wrong
fall from grace- separation from God
weakened will- you have a harder time choosing right from wrong
How does God help us?
What is one thing you need to do to get to heaven?
accept Gods grace
Where did satan approach adam and eve
in the garden
What was the first thing Satan said to eve and what was he basically asking?
he said "Did God say" which was basically asking if she could trust God
When does satan mostly try to tempt you?
when you are lonely and bored its all about teh small things and small choices
What is the protoevangelium?
first good news and first gospel
- part of the creation story happens after and eve have sinned
What does God introduce in the protoevangelium and what do we know for the first time?
God introduces the new plan to bring enmity between them and the first time we know God has a plan to save us
What are the symbols of the serpent, offspring and mother? and who is the new adam and eve
Jesus is the new adam mary is the new eve
What happens in Cain and Abel and whose sons are they?
brother cain gets jealous of abel so cain kills abel they are adam and eves son
How does cain and abel show the consequences of original sin?
the consequences show by their anger and jealousy
What is the difference between a contract and a covenant?
a contract is breakable a covenant is not
What are prophets?
people who communicate Gods message
Who was born without sin and the only person in heaven with a human body right now?
What is some information about Mary?
she is the mother of Jesus
she was a virgin
she experienced all human emotions
Wo was given the theotokes and what is it?
Mary was and it is the God barrer
Who is the most humble person and was a carpenter?
What are christological prophecies?
Something that was said or predicted in the old testament and then happens in the new testament
What are two examples of christological prophecies?
They said a king was going to be born in bethlehem and then jesus was born in bethlehem
they said the savior would be mocked and tortured and die of innocent death this was fulfilled in passion all to defeat the power of the devil by dying on the cross which is one of the reasons for incarnation
What are the reasons for incarnation?
reconcile and forgive sins- he forgave people which taught us forgivness
to destroy the power of the devil
model of holiness
fully understand the depth of Gods love
partake in divine nature
What are some titles Jesus had?
king of kings
christ- the anointed one
emmanuel- God with us
What are the 5 luminous mysteries and explain them?
-baptism- fully took on humanity through this
-wedding in cana- he turned water into wine because mary asked him to cause she knew he was God
-proclamation of the kingdom of heaven- Jesus was talking to his friends and said I am here and repent and the kingdom of heaven is right now
-transfiguration- moses and elijah were there moses received the 10 commandments and elijah was a great prophet so it was to show the fulfillment of the law
-the institution of the Eucharist- lays out through his life how we have to act and what we have to do
What is poverty?
people who are poor have difficulty providing the basic necessities of food, clothing, and shelter for themselves and their families
What parable relates to poverty?
The guy stole all is stuff to gain the kingdom of heaven
What is the obedience of christ?
the disobedience of one man led to sin and obedience of one man led to redemption
What are th etwo commandments God gave us through christs morals?
love God with all your heart mind and soul
love your neighbor as yourself
What are the events of the passion and what happened in each?
-jerusalem- he came to Jerusalem on sunday night
-last supper- thursday was the last supper he washed the disciples feet
-sanhedrin- tries to commend Jesus to death but does not have the authority so accuse him of blasphemy
-pilate- condemns jesus to death for claiming to be King and in charge of rome
-scourging- pilate makes the decision
-the way- jesus carries the cross with crown of thorns and gets tortured
-crucifixion- he was nailed to the cross and dies
-death- the vail split and heaven was opened and everyone could enter there was no longer a separation
What are some things they described Jesus as?
paschal lamb- Jesus was the lamb, blood of Jesus frees all of us
ransom for many- a slave had to pay for their freedom it symbolized that the slave was ther property of God and no other person can own tem jesus paid our ransom for sin
suffering servant- a leader who suffers for something he did not do but to save other people from what they did
Who did not have the power to put Jesus to death but wanted him to die?
Who sentenced him to death and what did he charge him for?
Roman leader who sentenced Jesus to be crucified
What are the gospels four common threads for the events of the resurrection?
-women found the empty tomb first
- Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene first
- angels tell the women to spread the word
- Jesus appears to the disciples
What did st. paul tell the agnostics?
that both the body and soul were good
What do the agnostics believe about the body and soul and what do the Catholics believe about body and soul?
agnostics believe the soul was the most important thing and you should get rid of all bodily figures and catholics believe both are equally as important
Whats the significance of the resurrection (JETS)
J- Jerusalem- buried in jerusalem he first appeared in Jerusalem he could have appeared anywhere but chose Jerusalem
E-enemy attestation- Romans said his body wasnt there
T- testimony of women- stuff women said was not respected
S- simple- no complications in the story it was simple
What happened in the ascension?
He went to heaven body and soul
What are we saved from?
Sin and consequences of sin
What are some consequences of sin?
loose our sensitivity to sin
guilty, regret, sad, frusterated, failure, despair, lonely, empty, worthless
What are some ways people cope with depression or consequences of sin?
food, drink, music, sop, cleaning, venting, drugs, GOD
What is the difference between a mortal and venial sin?
mortal is a more serious, full consent, full knowledge
venial is not as severe still aware but not as much not as serious
What are we saved for?
eternal life- which is perfect
What are some affects of eternal life?
hapiness, friendship, love, free success, worth, value, fullness, life
How many times of judgement do each of us face?
What are the two types of judgements and what are each of them?
particular judgement- immediatly after seat each person undergoes the personal, particular judgement by christ
final judgement- jesus gathers all humanity together to face a final judgement
What is the time when Christ returns in his Glory and all the dead will be raised?
Who knows the time that Christ will come again?
the relationship between God and humanity that was broken by original sin will be restored and you will know the joy of being perfect communion with the holy trinity
the opposite of heaven it is eternal separation from God, reserved for those who die in mortal sin without repenting and accepting God's merciful love
When most of us die we go here because none of us are perfect Where we go to undergo a purification in other to achieve the holiness necessary to enter full into the golry of God in Heaven
What is holiness?
a lifelong commitment and challenge, but is not an impossible goal to achieve
What are the aids to holiness
Intellect, free will, grace, self reflection, church
What is intellect?
Everyone is born with it helps us to understand the natural order God has created and helps us make good and moral choices
What is free will?
allows us to act on those good choices
What is Grace?
God's gift to us that helps us live a holy life
there are 4 types
What is self reflection
aid to holiness because it gives us th chance to reflect on our actions
The Church provides us with the opportunities for education, prayer, for community, and for service to the world
What are the three dimensions of holiness?
- Something is holy because it reveals God and shares in God's own life
- Something is holy when it has been consecrated
- Something is holy because it is considered clean, or free from anything that would make it impure
what is Sanctifying Grace?
Gotten through Baptism
- We receive it then share in the divine life
- It heals our sins and restores our friendship with God
- Important for continual Growth
The gifts specific to each of the 7 sacraments
- Also called Charisms
- It is a special grace associated with one's state in life and it is intended to build up the body of Christ.
Participating in Christ's Priestly Ministry
-What is it?
-How you can participate
Laity- all members of the church with the exception of those who are ordained as bishops, priests or deacons and you can participate by participating in the sacraments, praying daily, attend mass weekly
What are the priests primary roles?
to lead worship in the temple
suppose to serve as judges, teachers of the torah and scribes
Participating in Christ's Prophetic Ministry
-What is it?
-How you can participate
-people who encourage others to do the right thing
- Jesus perfectly fulfilled the role through his words and actions
- Some of those were to reject idols (false Gods), money, possessions
- speak out for the unborn, speak out against violence in your community, organize to help people in need, share your love of God with others
Participating in Christ's Kingly Ministry
-What is t?
-How you can participate
Being a leader in god's point of view
steps to being a leader
-starts with self-discipline
-consistently choosing right and wrong
- commitment to following God's call with our strength and soul for our entire life
you can particpate by
-being outstanding in my personal morality
-find work or service that in some way helps others
Describe two parables that show christs kingly leadership
a rich king invited many prominent guests to a banquet but they did not attend so the king tolf servants to invite the poor the lame and the blind
- jesus teaches us the kings will reach out to all people
When two of Jesus' disciples ask to sit on his left and right and angered the other disciples
-leadership is serving others not yourself
Making Sense of Suffering
-Keys to understanding
-Practical examples of sacrifice
-it is due to original sin
-this was not God's plan for us
-God sent his son into the world to save us from the meaningless suffering
- suffering and sacrifice are the pathway to redemption and salvation
ex. of sacrifice
-choosing to spend time with a sick friend rather then having a fun night out with your friends
Is accepting suffering a sign of weakness?
Jesus shows that the willingness to accept suffering takes a great deal of courage and strength
How do you find strength in times of suffering?
the gift of knowing that we do not suffer alone
God promised to always be with us
Christians are comforted by God when they are suffering
Why do we pray ?
talking to God Everyone is called to pray
What are the 5 forms of prayer?
Blessing and adoration- God alone
Petition- asking for something you need
intercession- ask Gods help for another person
thanksgiving- eucharists - giving thanks to God for all things he has done
Praise- telling God we love him
What are the expressions of prayer
vocal prayer- spoken out loud or silently in your ead
meditation- wordless lectio divina
contemplative- achieved trough love
What are some difficulties in prayer?
distractions and dryness this can be discouragement all God asks you to do is begin again and keep trying