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17. The United States involvement in Vietnam increased dramatically in the 1950s with the withdrawal of the

D) French

19. One reason early twentieth century muckrakers were able to have a significant impact on society was because

A) sales and circulation of newspapers and magazines increased

23. Jacob Riis is bet known for his work in the 1890s as a

A) labor organizer and Socialist Party activist

26. Between 1870 and 1900, farmers did all of the following in an attempt to better their condition EXCEPT

B) limit production of crops

28. The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded in 1966 in order to

B) challenge sex discrimination in the workplace

30. Which of the following is a true statement about the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolutionary War?

B) It recognized United States sovereignty over territory east of the Mississippi, between the Great Lakes and Florida.

33. Theodore Roosevelt was the first President to

E) arbitrate a labor dispute

35. The "graying" of America since the 1970s is widely seen as threatening which of the following?

C) The long-term viability of the social security system

36. Marcus Garvey's prominence during the 1920s arose from his

B) emphasis of a political party of Black pride and Black nationalism

37. The 1979 incident at Three Mile Island had which of the following effects?

E) It increased support for the movement against nuclear power.

38. Members of the Hudson River School were best know for their paintings of

D) landscapes

41. The first attempt to apply the doctrine of popular sovereignty in determining the status of slavery occurred in

C) Kansas

45. The Constitutional Convention designed the electoral college to

E) insulate the presidency from the popular will

47. Under Chief Justice John Marshall, Supreme Court decisions tended to

A) promote business enterprise

48. The women's movement in the antebellum period was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT

E) demands for equal compensation for equal work

51. The decisions of the Supreme Court in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries generally did which of the following?

A) Strengthened the position of big businesses

54. Which of the following conditions in England motivated Puritans to migrate to New England in the 1630s?

E) I. Political repression of dissident Protestants; II. An economic recession; III. Restrictions on Puritan religious practices

55. Policy initiatives during Franklin D. Roosevelt's first two presidential terms included all of the following EXCEPT

D) nationalizing basic industries

58. Which of the following is true of the slave system in eighteenth century British North America?

C) Slaveowners gained increased legal power over their states

63. Which of the following best accounts for the success of the American Federation of Labor in organizing labor in the late 1800s?

A) Its policy or organizing only skilled craftsmen

66. The Northwest Ordinances did which of the following?

D) Established the terms for settlement and admission of new states

68. Daniel Webster's address to the Senate in 1830 in reply to Senator Hayne is best remembered for its

B) defense of the principle of national union

69. The Dawes Act (1887) did which of the following?

A) Divided Native American tribal lands into individual holdings

70. In the Colonial period, Quakers were known for all of the following EXCEPT their

D) refusal to pay taxes

71. The statement above was made by which nineteenth-century Utopian reformer?

B) Robert Owen

73. Which of the following was LEAST involved in the struggle for women's rights?

E) Dorothea Dix

74. The Battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862, is considered pivotal to the outcome of the Civil War because it

B) forestalled the possibility of European intervention

76. The Stono Rebellion and the New York conspiracy trials of 1741 revealed which of the following?

E) Resistance to slavery

77. The illustration above was most likely meant to symbolize which of the following?

A) the principles of republican agrarianism

78. Although Congress accepted most of Alexander Hamilton's economic proposals, it rejected his

B) call for direct subsidies to manufactures

79. IN adopting the Fourteenth Amendment, Congress was primarily concerned with

B) protecting legislation guaranteeing civil rights to former slaves

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