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kids who strike out on their own but then find the cost or responsibility too great and return home, often several times
people who have helped out in the hard times who people owe obligations to as if they were blood relatives or men who are not the biological fathers of their children are given fatherhood status
skipped generation family
grandparents rear their grandchildren parents are incapable of caring for their children
main difference between cohabitation and marriage
adults that live together in a sexual relationship with out being married
people who find themselves sandwiched together between and responsible for two other generations, children and aging parents
incest taboo: father screws daughter: look at him as dad or lover, look at mom as mother, rival, or first wife
gender division of labor
husband takes primary responsibility for earning the income and wives primary responsibility for taking care of the house and children
pattern of parenting in which a father after a divorce reduces contact with his own children serves as a father to the children of the woman he marries or lives with, then ignores these children too after moving in or marrying another women.
observation by Thomas Malthus the food supply increases arithmetically (123) populations grows geometrically (24826)
exponential growth curve
a pattern of growth in which numbers double during approximately equal intervals, showing a steep acceleration in later stages.
a 3 stage historical process of population growth;
1. high BR high DR
2. high BR low DR
3. low BR low DR
4. deaths out number births has made its appearnace in the most industrialized nations
demographic free fall
as more nations enter stage four of the demographic transition the worlds population will peak at about 8-9 billion and then begin to grow smaller
process by which a country's pop becomes smaller because its birth rate and immigration are too low to replace those who die and emigrate.
why do women in poor nations bear a large number of children
motherhood is the most priced status a women can achieve
community supports this view
children are economic assets
middle class people moving into a rundown area of a city displacing the poor as they buy and restore homes
a large clustering of service facilities and residential areas near highway intersections that provides a sense of place to people who live shop and work there
invasion succession cycle
the process of one group of people displacing a group whose racial ethnic or social class characteristics differ form their own
multiple nuclei theory
some cities have several centers: clustering of fast food restaurants in one area and automobile dealers in another
gans typology of city dwellers
gans found a community, people who identified with the are and one another. its residents enjoyed networks of friends and acquaintances. despite the areas substandard buildings, most West Enders had chosen to live here
norm of non involvement
avoiding intrusions from strangers. People going about their everyday lives in the city
establishing an enterprise zone
the use of economic incentives in a designated area to encourage investment
a decision by the officers of a financial institution not to make loans in a particular area
extraordinary activities carried out by groups of people; includes lynching's, rumors, panics, urban legends, fads, and fashions
back and forth communication among the members of a crowd whereby a collective impulse is transmitted
stages in Blumer's model of the acting crowd
a background of tension or unrest, exciting event, milling, a common object of attention, common impulses
Yamaguchi and Horowitz findings about crowds
beneath the chaotic surface, crowds are actually quite rational; crowd participants take deliberate steps to reach some goal
how did turner and killian predict people would react in a collective behavior situation that involves something unusual?
to deal with a new situation, new norms may emerge. people may even develop novel definitions of right and wrong, feeling that the new circumstances justify actions that they otherwise would consider wrong
turner and killian's typology of people who participate in collective behavior
they are ego-involved concerned insecure curious spectators or exploiters
emotional contagion is the tendency to catch and feel emotions that are similar to and influenced by those of others
the most common background condition of urban riots
frustration and anger brought on by feelings of deprivation
precipitating event that starts a riot
the match that lights the fuel, important part, what starts the riot
a fear that grips a large number of people over the possibility that some evil threatens the well-being of society
alternative social movement
a social movement that seeks to alter only some specific aspects of people and institutions
redemptive social movement
a social movement that seeks to change people and institutions totally, to redeem them
trans formative social movement
a social movement that seeks to change society totally, transform it
mass society theory
an explanation for why people participate in a social movement based on the assumption that the movement offers them a sense of belonging
the idea that people join social movement based on what they think they should have compared with what others have
stages of a social movement
initial unrest and agitation, resource mobilization, organization institutionalize decline and death
in the u.s. what is the choice of marriage more dependent on?
age, education, class, race and religion
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