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Terms in this set (24)
______is the science that studies the whole planet as a system of innumerable interacting parts and focuses on the changes within and among those parts.
Earth system science/geography
_______is the continuous or repetitive collection of information about a target—Earth, in this case—from a distance.
A __________ is any portion of the universe that can be isolated from the rest of the universe for the purpose of observing and measuring changes.
The amount of matter (or energy) that is transferred from one reservoir to another, and the rate at which it is transferred, is called a __________
The nearest thing to an isolated system in the real world is a __________ in which the boundary permits the exchange of energy, but not matter, with the surroundings.
The __________ is the totality of Earth's water, including oceans, lakes, streams, underground water, and all the snow and ice.
The perennially frozen parts of the hydrosphere are collectively referred to as the __________ .
(FALSE) Geographical Information Systems (or Science; GIS) deals only with data from satellites.
The Earth is considered a(n) _______ system
A beaker of water with an open top is an example of a ___________ system.
All of the following could be used as flux units when describing a system with a box model, EXCEPT:
Kilometers per hour
A polar-orbiting satellite appears stationary in the sky from the Earth. (FALSE)
The speed of short-wavelength radiation is faster than the speed of long-wavelength radiation. (FALSE)
How does a body from which peak radiation occurs in the ultraviolet compare to that which emits peak radiation in red light?
This term describes how different layers with distinct physical properties formed in certain planets, mainly as the result of melting from early heat sources and the sinking of relatively dense materials.
The theory that explains the formation of stars and planets from a cloud of cosmic dust and gas is known as what?
Of the following, which best explains the existence and persistence of Earth's atmosphere?
The presence of a magnetic field
The elevation of the seafloor is termed what?
What was the biggest problem with Wegner's continental drift hypothesis?
That there was no known mechanism to move continents
Earth's magnetic field is produced from churning of molten iron in what layer?
The Outer Core
Harry Hess proposed that new oceanic crust was created where?
At mid ocean ridges
The study of the orientation of iron minerals in old volcanic rocks is known as what?
What observation was key to determining the spreading rate of ocean basins?
Alternating magnetic anomalies in ocean crust
Which of the following is known as the "grand unifying theory of geology"?
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