46 terms

ITGS Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
application areas
The areas of expertise, industry, or function where a project is centered. Examples of application areas include architecture, IT, health care, or manufacturing.
ethical issues
Moral: the "should" and "should nots" of actions and behaviors, form basics for actions, framework for evaluation of behavior
ethics
A system of moral principles.
information technology
Any computer-based tool that people use to work with information & support the information-processing needs of an organization.
social and ethical significance
the philosophical study of moral values and rules
social impacts
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
stakeholders
All the people who stand to gain or lose by the policies and activities of a business and whose concerns the business needs to address.
anonymity
Means to communicate without disclosing one's identity
authenticity
Authenticity means establishing the user's identity beyond reasonable doubt. Authenticating the user is crucial in many situations, particularly in business and legal matters. A simple example of authentication is user login onto a network. A more advanced example would be the use of encrypted digital signatures in a business transaction.
compatibility
Extent to which an innovation is consistent with one's needs, values, norms or behaviors
cultural diversity
Having a variety of cultures in the same area
cultural impact
The impact some event has on the existing culture of a community or country.
digital citizenship
Navigating the digital world safely, responsibly, and ethically.
economic impact
The effect of a specific occurence, choice, or procedure on the monetary system.
environmental impact
Possible adverse effects caused by a development, industrial, or infrastructural project or by the release of a substance in the environment.
equality of access
The Idea that everyone should have the ability to access IT. Or knowledge of using an IT.
ergonomic impact
Designing technology to prevent human injury during use
globalization
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
health impact
actions or programs that could have the greatest effect on changing health in the community
integrity
Following a strict code of conduct or standard of values.
intellectual property
A product of the intellect, such as an expressed idea or concept, that has commercial value.
legal impact
the impact of an action by the court of law
policies
guidelines used in making consistent decisions
political impact
describe how the product influences political decisions and policies including law.
privacy
Freedom from unauthorized intrusion.
protocols
Actions commonly required for a particular group of clients
psychological impact
any fact or suspicion with respect to circumstances, other than the physical condition of the property, that creates a fear, belief, or mental condition
reliability
Ability of a test to yield very similar scores for the same individual over repeated testings
security
A feeling of being free from fear, danger, etc.
standards
An internationally recognized definition of technical specifications that ensure worldwide consistency.
surveillance
A watch kept over a person or object; careful, close, and disciplined observation
the digital divide
The fact that many low-income children do not have access to a computer in their home, while most middle-income children do.
unauthorized access
the use of a computer or network without permission
business and employment
IT systems and ethical issues that arise fromt eh increased use of information technologies for both employers and employees
education and training
cluster that involves providing education and training services; providing support services
environment
All external conditions and factors, living and nonliving (chemicals and energy), that affect an organism or other specified system during its lifetime.
health
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being
home and leisure
Homes and home networks, Digital entertainment, Social networking, Published and broadcast information, Digital policing, Hardware, software and networks
politics and government
laws and how society is run under it's leaders.
input
Data that is entered into the computer system via an input or storage device.
networking
a group or system of interconnected people or things.
output
Getting information/data out of the computer
processing
A task a computer carries out with data.
RSS feed
a technology that provides frequently published and updated digital content on the web
RSS reader
A piece of software or a web site that allows one to subscribe to a newsfeed.
storage
In computing, any device in which (or on which) information is stored.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...