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U.S History first test David McLaughlin's class
Terms in this set (31)
Explain Carnigies Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy. (he desire to promote the welfare of others, expressed especially by the generous donation of money to good causes.)
buying rival refineries and developing companies for distributing and marketing its products around the glob, knowledge of oil background
What devices did John D Rockefeller use to gain control Of 90% of the oil refining business?
The Second Industrial Revolution created the need for a workforce in new factories,so many people moved from the countryside to the cities to find jobs in these factories. Old patterns of labor broke down. Railroads expanded and low steamship fares established mobility which allowed industrialists to draw on global population for cheap labor. The need for cheap and unskilled labor stimulated the demand for immigrant workers during times prosperity.
Why did American cities experience explosive growth in the late 19th Century?
Background on isolationism: Since the nation's founding, American foreign policy had been organized around a commitment to remaining outside European affairs and keeping Europe out of its own. The work of fulfilling "manifest destiny" through continental expansion had largely kept the United States out of European late-nineteenth-century empire building.
Commercial expansion: Economic depression at home and expanding production capacity in the 1890s led some American businessmen to look abroad for new markets. Business interests expected, and often received, the support of the United States in their international ventures, sometimes including the annexation of distant lands. Concern about access to Chinese markets led to the United States' successful advocacy for an "Open Door" policy in China to ensure universal access to Chinese markets and to protect Chinese sovereignty.
Christian zeal: American Christians sent missionaries abroad in hopes of cultivating converts, despite open opposition in many countries where they pursued their work. The United States government often came to their aid, for example in China in 1900.
Monroe Doctrine in the late nineteenth century: The United States responded to European imperialism in the Western Hemisphere through diplomacy and the threat of violence to assert its primacy in the region. The government was closely allied with business interests to achieve hegemony in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Why did the United States largely abandon its isolation policy in the late 1890s
For many reasons, but America's support the ongoing struggle by Cubans and Filipinos against Spanish rule, and the mysterious explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.
Why did the United States declare war on Spain in 1898?
Advocates for temperance wanted women to have the vote because it was believed they would vote for prohibition due to their moral superiority. Many breweries, on the other hand, lobbied against the suffrage movement out of fear of losing their businesses to prohibition
It is because many famous women's rights leaders were involved in both the Temperance Movement & the Suffrage Movement. Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized the first women's rights convention. Stanton also had ties to Susan B. Anthony
How did the women's temperance activities contribute to the cause of women's suffrage?
Unfair treatment forced American farmers to organize alliances in the late 19th century. Farmers had a hard time staying out of debt because crop prices declined and the rate to ship on railroads increased. By farmers getting together, they had some power over what and when and how the railroads shipped their crops.
Why did the American farmers organize alliances in the late 19th century?
The bison were a central part of the Indians' food, fuel, shelter, religion and ritual. The increase of railroad transportation and demand for hides in the east drove the bison out of their plains and depleted their herds. Thus causing the Indians to suffer. Without their main source of food and shelter, the Indians had to chose starvation and death or relocating to a reservation
How did the slaughter of the bison contribute to the plains Indians' removal to reservations?
California Gold Rush
1849 (San Francisco 49ers) Gold discovered in California attracted a rush of people all over the country and world to San Francisco; arrival of the Chinese; increased pressure on fed gov. to establish a stable gov. in CA
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration.
Ida B. Wells (1862-1931)
An African-American woman who achieved nationwide attention as leader of the anti-lynching crusade. A writer, she became part-owner of a newspaper, the Memphis Free Speech. In May 1892, in response to an article on a local lynching, a mob ransacked her offices and threatened her life if she did not leave town. Moving to Chicago, Wells continued to write about Southern lynchings. While investigating, she would go directly to the site of a killing, sometimes despite extreme danger. In 1895, she published The Red Record, the first documented statistical report on lynching. Wells was also a founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She stands as one of America's most uncompromising leaders and most ardent defenders of democracy.
Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, revolutionizing transportation in the west
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1870 to extend suffrage to African Americans.
Dawes General Allotment Act
legislation passed by Congress that split up Indian reservation lands among individual Indians and promised them citizenship
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history
1870s - 1890s; time period looked good on the outside, despite the corrupt politics & growing gap between the rich & poor
A 1900 revolt in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the country
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city (late 1800's and early 1900's) seeking political control by corruption and bossism
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
1858-1919. 26th President. Increased size of Navy, "Great White Fleet". Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick" policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Later arbitrated split of Morocco between Germany and France.
Negotiation between nations
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
The use or threat of military force to coerce a government into economic or political agreements.
Ku Klux Klan
A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights.
A constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, except for American Indians.
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
A government ruled by a few powerful people
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