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Terms in this set (19)
What are the basic components of language?
What is directionality?
What is phonology?
Use and intent
What is Pragmatics?
Meaning of sounds
What is semantics?
Rules of language (past tense etc)
What is syntax?
Rhythm stress, inotation to convey emotion/meaning
What is prosody?
Facial, body gestures
What is nonverbal communication?
1 month cooing -> real vowels
Can express pragmatic content -> cry Jon verbal communication limited expressive language
Babbling determined by growth of viola tract, soft consonants "g", "v"
Sounds at 4-6 months?
Repetitive "ma ma" "da da"
Sounds 7-8 months
Talk and respond to you but not enlighten
Sounds 10/12 months
First words characteristics
Names "ball" action words "all gone"
Social words "bye bye"
Routine words ("lunch")
Sounds 12-14 months
2 word stage
Use content words (nouns, verbs)
Function words (articles, prepositions)
Sounds 1.5-2.5 years?
Run —> runned
Foot —> feets
What is overregularization?
syntax double per month
◼ By the time 3, combinations are in thousands
Semantics between 2-3 years
Comprehension occurs before production so they may understand
more words. ◼ Rate of new word every 2 hours
◼ During preschool years children are learning most words from
the context in which they are used.
◼ Syntactic bootstrapping: using the knowledge of sentence structure
to infer meaning.
◼ Ex. Verbs typically occupy the same location in English
sentences, so even if I make up a word, you can tell it is a verb
by how it is used.
◼ Francisco is WHYNDRITYL to the store
6 year old vocabulary
Plurals and possessives (girls/girl's) ◼ Past tense (-ed) ◼ Articles (the and a)
◼ Grammar mistakes?
◼ Very noticeable (catched)
◼ Very rare! Use correct > 90% time
Semantics 3 years?
◼ reinforcement, imitation
What is the behavioral approach?
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