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Terms in this set (10)
UN Definitions: Any restriction or lack (resulting from
an impairment) of ability to perform an
activity in the manner or within the
range considered normal for a human
Americans With Disabilities Act: A physical or mental impairment that
substantially limits one or more major life activities on an individual, a record of such an impairment, or being regarded as having such an impairment.
What is disability
Disability Model (Social Model)
What are the models of disabilities?
Disability as a result of moral failure or wrongdoing
(self or family) ◼ Historically was the main explanation for disability ◼ Remnants still linger ◼ Very burdensome for those with disabilities
◼ Social ostracism ◼ Limitations from participation in community life ◼ Shame/guilt on individual and/or whole family
What is the moral mode?
"Problems" related to disability reside primarily in the
individual ◼ If the problem in the individual is "cured," the disability
will no longer exist ◼ Person with disability as "sick"
◼ Not expected to engage in the same roles as others (e.g.,
work, school, self care, etc.) ◼ Expected to come under authority of doctors to get better
What is a medical model?
Similar to medical model ◼ Person with disability in need to services in order
to make up for the disability ◼ Goals of re-introduction into society
What is Rehabilitation Model?
◼ A "cure" for many disabilities may not be found ◼ Many people with disabilities are capable of fully
participating in society
What is the concerns for rehabilitation and medical models?
Regards disability as a normal aspect of life ◼ Rejects the idea that people with
disabilities are deviant or "sick" and need to be cured
Regards social discrimination as the most significant problem experienced by people with disabilities
What is disability (social) model?
Heterogeneous group of developmental and acquired
disorders characterized by difficulties in
◼ Spoken or written language ◼ Expressive or receptive language ◼ May involve form, content, and function
What is a language disability?
Theory of Mind
◼ Communicative intent
◼ General cognitive prerequisites (e.g.,
memory, symbolic understanding, etc.) ◼ Adequate sensory skills (e.g., hearing) ◼ Exposure to language use ◼ Adequate motor skills
What are some requirements for language development
What are some diagnosis related to LD?
Intellectual Disability ◼ Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) ◼ Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity
Disorder ◼ Specific Language Impairment (SLI)
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