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hydrogen cation

all acids form a


only ionic compounds and acids are


describes two or more liquids that are able to dissolve into each other in various proportions


describes two or more liquids that do not mix into each other

strong acids

these acids completely ionize (dissolve)

weak acids

these acids DO NOT completely ionize (dissolve)

strong acids

these are strong electrolytes

like dissolves like

polar and ionic solutes will dissolve in polar solvents, nonpolar solutes will dissolve in nonpolar solvents

covalent compounds

these DO NOT break up (dissociate or ionize) when they dissolve


to undergo a reversible or temporary breakdown of a molecule into simpler molecules or atoms


convert into ions


these ionize in a solution

ionic compounds

these dissociate in a solution

Solute-solute and solvent-solvent attractions

ion-dipole, H-bonding, and London dispersion forces are all examples of what?

solute-solvent attraction

ion-dipole, H-bonding, dipole-dipole, and London dispersion forces are all examples of what?

water soluble

ionic compounds, polar compounds, and all acids are what?

hexane soluble

nonpolar compounds are what?

London dispersion forces

force between 2 nonpolar molecules

dipole-dipole attraction

force between 2 polar molecules

dipole-induced dipole attraction

force between polar molecule and nonpolar molecule

units and parentheses around polyatomic ions

make sure to put

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