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21 terms

Chemistry unit 10

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hydrogen cation
all acids form a
electrolytes
only ionic compounds and acids are
miscible
describes two or more liquids that are able to dissolve into each other in various proportions
immiscible
describes two or more liquids that do not mix into each other
strong acids
these acids completely ionize (dissolve)
weak acids
these acids DO NOT completely ionize (dissolve)
strong acids
these are strong electrolytes
like dissolves like
polar and ionic solutes will dissolve in polar solvents, nonpolar solutes will dissolve in nonpolar solvents
covalent compounds
these DO NOT break up (dissociate or ionize) when they dissolve
dissociate
to undergo a reversible or temporary breakdown of a molecule into simpler molecules or atoms
ionize
convert into ions
acids
these ionize in a solution
ionic compounds
these dissociate in a solution
Solute-solute and solvent-solvent attractions
ion-dipole, H-bonding, and London dispersion forces are all examples of what?
solute-solvent attraction
ion-dipole, H-bonding, dipole-dipole, and London dispersion forces are all examples of what?
water soluble
ionic compounds, polar compounds, and all acids are what?
hexane soluble
nonpolar compounds are what?
London dispersion forces
force between 2 nonpolar molecules
dipole-dipole attraction
force between 2 polar molecules
dipole-induced dipole attraction
force between polar molecule and nonpolar molecule
units and parentheses around polyatomic ions
make sure to put