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Theology 2: MRD Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (27)
The first man and our first father. Together with Eve, he committed the first sin (Original Sin). This Hebrew name refers to the particular individual and mankind in general.
From the Greek angelos, a translation of the Hebrew malak, meaning "messenger." A spiritual, personal, and immortal creature, possessing intelligence and free will, who glorifies God without ceasing and serves God as protector of and messenger to man.
Sacred Scripture; the books that contain the truth of God's Revelation and were composed by human authors under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. The Bible contains forty-six books in the Old Testament and twenty-seven in the new.
The disordered human appetites or desires that remain even after Baptism due to the temporal consequences of Original Sin and which constitute an inclination to sin. This is often used to refer to desires resulting from strong sensual urges or attachment to things of this world.
God's bringing forth the universe and all its inhabitants into being out of nothing. Creation is good but has been corrupted by sin.
The name of the garden in which God placed Adam and Eve.
The first woman and our first mother. Eve was created from the rib of Adam, and thus woman, unlike the animals is man's equal and complement. With Adam, she committed the first sin.
The scientific theory that species came to be as they are by a gradual process of change and development. Valid theories on the origin of life cannot contradict two facts: God created matter, and the creation of human beings is a special act of the divine Creator.
This gift from God includes the power of directing one's own actions without constraint. This makes possible the choice to love God.
An angel personally assigned to protect and intercede for every human being.
image (and likeness)
A representation such as a statue or picture. Each human being is made in the image of God, that is, human beings are like God insofar as having intelligence, free will, and the capacity to love.
Making no mistakes or errors. Scripture is inerrant; it always teaches truth, never falsehood.
Guided by God; from a word meaning "breathed in." The human writers of Scripture wrote in their own words but through God's inspiration wrote what he intended them to write and nothing more.
The twenty-seven books of the Bible written by sacred authors in apostolic times; they have Jesus Christ, the incarnate Son of God—his life, teachings, Passion and glorification, and the beginnings of his Church—as their central theme.
The forty-six books of the Bible that record the history of salvation from Creation until the time of Christ.
The state that existed between our first parents and God by which they fully participated in divine life before the fall.
The state enjoyed by our first parents characterized by inner harmony of the human person, harmony between man and woman, and harmony with creation.
Adam and Eve's abuse of their human freedom by disobeying God's command. As a consequence, they lost the grace of original holiness and justice and became subject to death; sin became universally present in the world. Every human person except Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary has been born with the stain of Original Sin. This sin separates mankind from God, weakens the will, and introduced into the human nature an inclination toward sin.
From the Aramaic perishaya, "the separated ones." Members of an ancient Jewish sect, active during the earthly life of Jesus Christ (Mt. 3:7), distinguished by their strict observance of the traditional, written law and their self-righteousness.
The gifts bestowed on our first parents, which included exemption from concupiscence, sickness, death, and ignorance. These gifts are distinct from the supernatural gifts by which our first parents were adopted loren of God and became partakers of divine nature. Though the preternatural gifts were lost because of Original Sin, Baptism bestows the initial gift of sanctifying grace by which "man becomes an adoptive son of the Father" (CCC 1279).
Literally meaning "being bought back," the act by which Jesus Christ, through his sacrificial Death on the Cross, set us free from the slavery of sin, thus redeeming or "buying us back" from the power of the Devil.
The story of God's plan to save man from the consequences of sin. This plan began with creation, is unfolding now, and will continue until the end of time at the Second Coming.
From a Hebrew word meaning "to obstruct or oppose," an evil figure in Scripture who challenges the faith of humans. He is the leader of the fallen angels, or devils.
Senses of Scripture
There are two basic senses in which Sacred Scripture should be read, the literal and the spiritual. The spiritual has three senses: the allegorical or typical, the moral or tropological, and the anagogical.
The form taken by Satan in the Garden of Eden. The Hebrew word nahash refers to a fearsome, murderous creature.
The form of the body, this is an individual spiritual substance created directly by God in his image and likeness. The unity of a body and soul form a human person. The soul is immortal—it does not perish when separated from the body at death—and it will be united with a glorified body at the final resurrection.
Beyond the limits of ordinary human experience or knowledge.
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