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Arts and Humanities
theology chapter 7
Terms in this set (16)
The handing on of the Apostles' preaching and authority that occurred directly from the Apostles to the bishops through the laying on of hands.
God saving action through Jesus Christ that saved people from sin and death
The priesthood of the faithful. Christ has made the Church a "kingdom of priests" who share in his priesthood through the Sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation.
the pope, as successor or St. Peter as Bishop of Rome, exercises highest authority as Vicar of Christ and shepherd of the whole Church
The participation of each of the worldwide bishops, with the Pope as their head, in a "colleage," which takes responsibility for both their local diocesan churches and the Church as a whole.
What are the three levels of ordination?
Episcopacy - bishop, Presbyterate - priest, Diaconate - deacon
What is Apostolic Succession?
holds that bishops form the necessary link in an unbroken chain of successors to the office of the Apostles; important because the Church needs to be true to the teaching of Jesus
The outward sign by which this connection is both symbolized and effected in the laying on of hands by the bishop in the Sacrament of Holy Orders at ordination
What was the role of the priest in the Old Testament
to be a mediator from the people to God, just as a prophet was a mediator from God to the people
What is the purpose of the ministerial priesthood and sacraments?
Christ priestly work remains essential to God's plan for the world
Jesus gave the Church the Sacrament of Holy Order, by which men are ordained to the ministerial priesthood
in order to honor its function of "representation" the Church needs an institution - a ministerial priesthood- at the service of the common priesthood
together, the ministerial priesthood and the sacraments remind us how Christ is present in the world, calling all people to act in his name
How did the Council of Trent reaffirm Holy Orders?
Council of Trent reaffirmed those truths saying it is one of the sacraments and those called do depend on the graces
What are the leadership functions of a priest
share the gospel through good example
trust God in all things
heal physical and spiritual hurts
forgive others in Jesus' name
rule as a servant of others
celebrate the Eucharist
What is the "sacred power" the Holy Spirit confirms on the ordained
Proclaim and teach Gods word
Lead the faith community in worship
Guide Gods people by imitating Jesus model of humber service
What are some of the models of celibacy
Jesus is the model for the celibate Life
St. Paul wished that, like himself, all could possess the gift of celibacy, but he also noted that each person has a particular gift from God
What are the benefits of celibacy
Without a family a priest can go wherever he is needed
A priest can devote himself fully to the entire congregation, holding nothing in reserve for his personal family (the parish is his family)
Short answers :
What is the "power" of the ordained priesthood
the one who is ordained completely surrender his own will so that Christ can act through him
Christ is the one with power- the sacrament enables the bishop or priest to empty himself so that christ can work through him in the church
recipients of Holy Orders are empowered to serve - they exercise authority writhing the community and for the benefit of the community
How did the legalization of Christianity in 313 affect Holy Orders?
Christianity became a state religion
Gave bishops and priest civil authority and status
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