Introduction to Lifestyle Medicine
History and physician competencies of lifestyle medicine
Terms in this set (21)
ACLM definition of LM
Use of evidence-based lifestyle therapeutic approaches to prevent, treat, and oftentimes reverse lifestyle-related chronic disease. The approach includes: a whole food plant based diet, regular physical activity, adequate sleep, stress management, avoidance of risky substance use, and use of other non-drug modalities that promote health and prevent disease.
2018 LM core competencies
LM offers a unique approach that leverages a WFPBD, PA, Sleep, Emotional Wellbeing, and avoiding risky substances to not only prevent, but also treat and reverse lifestyle-related diseases.
LM textbook definition
LM is the application of medical, behavioral motivational, and environmental principles to the management of lifestyle-related health problems in a clinical setting. Teaching self-care and self-management are important elements of LM.
Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food
The doctor of the future will give no medicine but will interest his patients in the care of the human frame, in diet and in the cause and prevention of disease.
Nathan Pritikin Longevity Center (1970)
A residential health care center that used nutrition, exercise, and education to reverse and treat heart disease
John McDougall Program (1970)
Residential health programs using an unlimited food, plant-based diet, stress reduction, and exercise to treat and reverse disease
Dean Ornish Preventive Medicine Research Center (1980)
The Lifestyle Heart Trial showed regression of cardiac stenosis at one year and continued improvement at five years through a low-fat vegetarian diet, stress management, exercise and smoking cessation in a small group setting, emphasizing positive psychology and connectedness
Caldwell B. Esselstyn Jr. Cleveland Clinic (1990)
Began a greater than 20-year longitudinal study about arresting and reversing heart disease in critically ill patients
Hans Diehl Coronary (Complete) Health Improvement Project (1990)
An outpatient intensive lifestyle change program that encourages a whole food, plant-based diet and exercise to prevent, treat, and reverse lifestyle related chronic disease.
WHO Inaugural report on Diet nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases
Was written to address how poor diet quality and excess calories are related to the rise in chronic disease. It included nutrient guidance on the optimal intake of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, and salt.
James Rippe Lifestyle Medicine text (1990s)
The first comprehensive medical text focused on lifestyle medicine.
Top 10 leading causes of death in the US in 2015
1. Heart disease 31.5%
2. Cancer 29.6%
3. Chronic lower respiratory disease 7.7%
5. Cerebrovascular disease
6. Alzheimer's disease
8. Influenza and pneumonia
9. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis
80% of deaths are attributable to
1. Tobacco use
2. Poor diet
3. Lack of physical activity
4 healthy behaviors (only 3% have healthy levels)
2. Healthy BMI <25
3. Five fruits/vegetables/day
4. Regular physical activity
Determinants of health and cause of 1/3 of US cancers
1. Adverse childhood events
2. Genetic and epigenetic predispositions
3. Health literacy
4. Local environmental conditions
Preventable cancers in the US each year
Four primary lifestyle factors
2. Physical activity
3. Tob and ETOH use
Risk factors for MI
10, Smoking, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, diet high in sat fat, physical inactivity, alcohol consumption, stress
Risk factors for stroke
10, hypertension, current smoking, abdominal obesity, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, diabetes, alcohol intake, psychological stress, depression, cardiac causes, and hyperlipidemia.
DNA is not...
Destiny because of epigenetics
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Fundamentals of Health Behavior Change
Key Clinical Processes in Lifestyle Medicine
The role of physician health and the physician's p…
Nutrition Science, Assessment, and Prescription
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Key Articles in Lifestyle Medicine
Tobacco cessation and risky alcohol use
Sleep Health Science and Interventions