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45 terms

Plants by brighton clah and emily frias

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cuticle
The waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems of most plants.
vascular tissue
The internal transporting tissue in some plants that is made up of tubelike structures.
zygote
A fertilized egg.
nonvascular plant
A low-growing plant that lacks true vascular tissue.
sporophyte
The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces spores.
gametophyte
The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces gametes, or sex cells.
rhizoid
A thin, rootlike structure that anchors a moss and absorbs water and nutrients for the plant
frond
The leaf of a fern plant.
phloem
The vascular tissue through which food moves in some plants.
xylem
The vascular tissue through which water and nutrients move in some plants.
pollen
Tiny particles (male gametophytes) produced by seed plants that contain the cells that later become sperm cells.
seed
The plant structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering.
embryo
The young organism that develops from a zygote.
cotyledon
A seed leaf; sometimes stores food.
germination
The sprouting of the embryo out of a seed; occurs when the embryo resumes its growth.
root cap
A structure that covers the tip of a root, protecting the root from injury.
cambium
A layer of cells in a plant that produces new phloem and xylem cells.
transpiration
The process by which water is lost through a plant's leaves.
gymnosperm
A plant that produces seeds that are not enclosed by a protective fruit.
cone
The reproductive structure of a gymnosperm
ovule
A plant structure in seed plants that produces the female gametophyte; contains an egg cell.
pollination
The transfer of pollen from male reproductive structures to female reproductive structures in plants.
angiosperm
A flowering plant that produces seeds enclosed in a protective structure.
flower
The reproductive structure of an angiosperm.
sepal
A leaflike structure that encloses the bud of a flower.
petal
A colorful, leaflike structure of some flowers.
stamen
The male reproductive part of a flower.
pistil
The female reproductive part of a flower.
ovary
A flower structure that encloses and protects ovules and seeds as they develop.
fruit
The ripened ovary and other structures of an angiosperm that enclose one or more seeds.
monocot
An angiosperm that has only one seed leaf.
dicot
An angiosperm that has two seed leaves.
tropism
The growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus.
hormone
A chemical that affects growth and development.
auxin
A plant hormone that speeds up the rate of growth of plant cells.
photoperiodism
A plant's response to seasonal changes in length of night and day.
short-day plant
A plant that flowers when the nights are longer than the plant's critical night length.
long-day plant
A plant that flowers when the nights are shorter than the plant's critical night length.
critical night length
The number of hours of darkness that determines whether or not a plant will flower.
day-neutral plant
A plant with a flowering cycle that is not sensitive to periods of light and dark.
dormancy
A period when an organism's growth or activity stops.
annual
A flowering plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season.
biennial
A flowering plant that completes its life cycle in two years.
perennial
A flowering plant that lives for more than two years.
vascular plant
A plant that has true vascular tissue.