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12 terms

Physical Science Ch. 16

STUDY
PLAY
heat
this flows spontaneously from hot objects to cold objects
heat engine
any device that converts heat into work
refrigerant
a heat pump does work on this so you can keep your veggies cold
temperature
the Kelvin scale is used to measure this
calorimeter
a device used to determine the specific heat of a material
convection
the transfer of thermal energy when particles of a fluid move from place to place
specific heat
the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one gram of a material by one degree Celsius
conduction
the transfer of thermal energy with no overall transfer of matter
thermal energy
the total potential and kinetic energy of all particles in an object
radiation
the transfer of energy by waves moving through space
energy
according to the first law of thermodynamics, this is conserved
thermal insulator
a material that conducts thermal energy poorly