Supreme Court Cases #2
Terms in this set (18)
Dred Scott v. Sandford
1857 Supreme Court decision that stated that slaves were not citizens; that living in a free state or territory, even for many years, did not free slaves; and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitional
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Brown v. Board of Education I
1954; Segregated Schools are unconstitutional. You cannot have separate and equal schools.
Brown v. Board of Education II
1955- The court issued another decision known as this to provide rules for implementing the 1954 order. It said that schools must work to desegregate "with all deliberate speed."
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
1971 - Busing students to promote integration is constitutional.
Korematsu v. US
1944- Upheld the U.S. government's decision to put Japanese-Americans in internment camps during World War II.
Reed v. Reed
the landmark case in 1971 in which the supreme court for the first time upheld a claim of gender discrimination.
Hernandez v. Texas
Supreme Court decision that said it was unconstitutional to keep Mexican Americans off of juries
Craig v. Brown
Adarand Constructors v. Pena
To be constitutional, affirmative action must be "narrowly tailored" to meet a "compelling governmental interest."
Did not ban affirmative action, but severely limited its reach
Regents of University of California v. Bakke
The Court ruled that race could be one factor among several considered for admissions, but it could not be the only factor considered. Since race could be considered, the ruling was the first court approval of affirmative action.
Gratz v. Bollinger
Affirmative action case; a point system for admission in which points were given for race was ruled unconstitutional; too much like a quota system; upheld Bakke case
Grutter v. Bollinger
University of Michigan Law School admissions program that gave special consideration for being a certain racial minority did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment. Race could be considered a "plus" in admissions
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. US
Tinker v. Des Moines
TLO v. New Jersey
Island Trees School District v. Pico
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier