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Events of Vietnam
Terms in this set (45)
1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
Gulf of Tonkin Incident
an alleged attack by N. Vietnamese Navy on US destroyers which led Pres. Johnson to order a direct bombing attack on North Vietnam(most historians now believe there was no attack)
Dien Bien Phu
In 1954, Vietminh rebels besieged a French garrison at Dien Bien Phu, deep in the interior of northern Vietnam. In May, after the United States refused to intervene, Dien Bien Phu fell to the communists.
first African American to serve in a cabinet; served as secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development under Johnson
An American senator for Arizona who ran against Johnson for president. His extreme conservatism scared many into voting for Johnson.
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
Ho Chi Minh
1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable
36th President of the United States
Ngo Dinh Diem
South Vietnamese president that was catholic and strongly opposed communism. His poor leadership and corrupt government spelled doom
elected Vice President in Roosevelt's 4th term
president during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the cuban missile crisis. he was the president who went on tv and told the public about hte crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet uinon to withdraw their missiles. other events, which were during his terms was the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.
American General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968
He was an American diplomat and ambassador best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War.
LBJ's vice president and McCarthy's opposition in 1968 primary after LBJ stepped down. won nomination; not presidency.
Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States
Le Duc Tho
Vietnamese diplomat who negotiated with Henry Kissinger to end the war in Vietnam (1911-1990)
George Stanley McGovern, Ph.D (born July 19, 1922) is a former United States Representative, Senator, and Democratic presidential nominee. McGovern lost the 1972 presidential election in a landslide to incumbent Richard Nixon. McGovern was most noted for his opposition to the Vietnam War. He is currently serving as the United Nations global ambassador on hunger.
United States diplomat who served under President Nixon and President Ford (born in 1923)
Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA
domestic version of the Peace Corps. Helped bring jobs to poor communities and performed community service.
Project Head Start
a U.S. federal program that provides poverty-stricken children with a year or two of preschool along with nutritional and health services and that encourages parent involvement in program planning and children's learning.
Neighborhood Youth Corps
Managed to provide work for about 2 million young people aged 16-21, but nearly all the jobs were low paying and dead-end.
an organization of Vietnamese Communists and other nationalist groups that between 1946 and 1954 fought for Vietnamese independence from the French
the guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in Vietnam, also know as the National Liberation Front
Ho Chi Minh Trail
A network of jungle paths winding from North Vietnam through Laos and Cambodia into South Vietnam, used as a military route by North Vietnam to supply the Vietcong during the Vietnam War.
Operation Rolling Thunder
bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight
election of 1964
LBJ beats Senator Goldwater who voted against the civil rights act and was a conservative republican
election of 1968
1968; McCarthy challenged LBJ, who was politically wounded by the Tet Offensive and the Vietnam War; LBJ stepped down from the running, and Kennedy and McCarthy were left on the Democratic ballot; but Americans turned to Republican Nixon to restore social harmony and end the war
Led to riots by underprivileged Northern whites, especially Irish-Americans
A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.
location of the killing of over 400 Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers
To re-convince North Vietnam when they called off talking, Nixon launched a 3 week bombing on Vietnam in late december.
Immigration Act of 1965
replaced varying quotas with the limit of 20,000 immigrants per year from anyone outside the western hemisphere and 120,000 from the Western hemisphere
Economic Opportunity Act
An economic legislation that was part of the Great Society. It created many social programs to help the poor.
a 1954 peace agreement that divided vietnam into communist-controlled north vietnam and non-communist south vietnam until unification elections could be held in 1956
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia.
War Powers Act
Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power
Invasion of Cambodia
Nixon ordered troops into Cambodia to disrupt the Ho Chi Minh Trail and other supply lines used by the NV
a federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older
War on Poverty
President Lyndon B. Johnson's program in the 1960's to provide greater social services for the poor and elderly
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
minority involvement in war
Was a major part since the draft targeted poorer people which was mostly non-causian due to racial tension in the 1950's and 60's
role of the media
The role of the media was to help inform people and to show them what was really happening when infact it scared them and disapoointed them more
the doves were opposed to the war as well as most of the country was
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
Sets with similar terms
US History Chapter 21 &22 JFK, NIXON, Vietnam
Vietnam War Vocabulary Study Guide
Chapter 16: The Vietnam War Era (1954- 1975)
Vietnam Chapter 29 MC
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