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Study guide for the Georgia EOCT for American Literature and Composition for ninth graders


our spoken, or written words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning.

Figurative Language

Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, and is not to be taken literally


a word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, and smell


When a object represents more than just itself

Rhyme Scheme

the pattern of rhyme throughout a poem represented with letters; used to lend a certain rhythm to the poem


A figure of speech that associates two distinct things, the representation of one thing by another, without the use of "like", or "as"


a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')


a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics


use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse


formation or use of words that imitate sounds of the actions they refer to


a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor


sequence of events in a literary work


a systematic interpretation or explanation (usually written) of a specific topic


the problems that come up during a story as characters try to resolve the conflict

Rising Action

Refers to the plot structure leading up to the climax through speaking and writing


the point of highest interest in a literary work


the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work

Falling Action

Events that occur after the climax on the way to denouement


the final unraveling or solution of the plot


the overall emotion created by a work of literature


incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs

Situational Irony

what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate

Verbal Irony

A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant

Dramatic Irony

When the audience knows something that the characters in the drama do not

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