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Mercyb Unit 9 PostWar Europe Review

STUDY
PLAY
Satellite nations
Communist countries of Eastern Europe
NATO
an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
Berlin Blockade
Soviet blocking of trade to West Berlin from allies; Causing the Berlin Airlift
Truman Doctrine
A doctrine that promised to aid people struggling to resist threats to democratic freedom.
Yalta Conference
Meeting where Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill planned the final stages of WW2
Glasnost
Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
Perestroika
A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to revitalize the Soviet economy by opening it up to more free enterprise
Big three
allies during WWII; Soviet Union - Stalin, United Kingdom - Churchill, United States - Roosevelt
Gorbachev
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms
Berlin Wall
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Security Council
branch of the United Nations responsibled for sending United Nations troops to crisis areas- 5 permanent members are France, Great Britain,Russia, The United States and China- 10 other countries rotate membership
General Assembly
UN institution in which all member states are equally represented.
EURO
the basic currency shared by the countries of the European Union since 1999
Putin
Current President of Russia
Nuremberg
site of court proceedings after WW II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes
Medvedev
Current Prime Minister of Russia
Yeltsin
First democratically elected president of Russia.
Iron Curtain
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
Marshall Plan
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
Containment Policy
US policy to stop expansion of Soviet Union and Communism
Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Socialism
an economic system based on state ownership of all businesses
Capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership of businesses (Free Market)
Communism
a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
Nazis
Political party of Hitler, outlawed today in Germany
Republic
a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
Potsdam Conference
Post war conference where Truman, Atlee and Stalin complete Yalta agreements. Cold War feelings begin.
Veto
Power given to the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council