22 terms

Biochemistry

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Organic compound
Compounds containing BOTH Carbon and Hydrogen
Inorganic compound
Compounds that do not contain both Carbon and Hydrogen (H2O, CO2).
Protein
Amino acids joined by peptide bonds which make up structures and carry out functions of an organism.
Monosaccharide
monomer of carbohydrates
Amino acid
monomer of proteins
glycerol and fatty acid
monomer of Lipids
Lipid Function
store energy, comprise the cell membrane, insulation and padding
Carbohydrate function
immediate source of energy for cells
polysaccharide function
structure for cells and energy storage.
nucleic acids
CHONP - used for genetic information storage (DNA) and interpreting genetic info (RNA)
DNA
instructions for making proteins
RNA
assist in protein production
monomer
a single building block
polymer
many building blocks combined
dehydration synthesis
chemical reaction where water is removed to combine two molecules
hydrolysis
chemical reaction where water is added to split a molecule
Acid
any compound that forms H+ ions in solution (pH under 7)
Base
Any compound that forms OH- ions in solution (pH over 7)
Neutralization
A reaction between an acid and a base resulting in salt and water
pH
the measurement of how acidic or basic a substance is
indicator
A compound that changes color in the presence of an acid or a base
active site
a region on an enzyme that binds to a substance during a reaction.
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