Social studies unit test 1 complete s
Terms in this set (43)
which is earlier a) 1550 CE b) 25 BCE or c) 3 CE
What is the importance of the natural enviroment to people and human societies?
changes in the enviroment had a major impact on human development ex. because of the iceage humans were able to move into every part of the world by adapting to it.
From which year to which year is the 13th Century CE?
400-301 BCE is the _______ Century BCE
4th Century BCE
A term meaning a span of one hundred years
A year that is 365 days long, based on the amount of time it takes for the earth to make one revolution around the sun.
The Year 1
The approximate date of birth of Jesus Christ on a historic timeline.
An abbreviation for Before Common Era, a term that describes any years before the year one.
An abbreviation for Common Era, a term that describes any years after the year one.
A Latin term meaning 'around' or 'approximately'.
A century in the Common Era. Always begins with a year with a one and ends with a year with a zero. For example, 401-500 is the 5th century CE.
A century in Before Common Era time. Always begins with a year with a zero and ends with a year with a one. For example, 500-401 is the 5th century BCE.
A calendar that was developed by Julius Caesar, based on the solar year.
A revised, more accurate version of the Julian Calendar, created by Pope Gregory XIII.
A graphic representation of the passage of time. Is often used to show the order in which events occur.
Why We Study History
The past influences us in so many ways, such as through names, language, and beliefs. Also, the past can provide us with important information, to help us shape our future.
When we do this, we are realizing we can never directly know the past, we are seeing the past through words/records/thoughts of those who experienced it, recognizing the past is different, understanding that forces can shape interpretations, and questioning what we think we know.
A collection of records, usually stored in a special room or building.
A collection of objects/artifacts.
Information directly from the time/place of the event or time period being studied, ex. a photo taken, an interview of someone who experienced it.
Any information that was documented after the fact, ex. a textbook.
How History is Organized
In chronological order, as if telling a story. It is done this way so that it makes sense, and can be used to prove/disprove a theory.
History that concerns everyone in a certain era, not just well-known people. It is important because it ensures that we see all sides of the story.
A way of convincing or persuading people. It is not always a good thing, because it often involves only one side of the story, and the information provided is not always true.
Evidence (NOT history) taken from the spoken words of people who have knowledge of past events and traditions.
Evidence taken from visual representations of the past, including objects, paintings/art, buildings, etc.
The study of people who have lived before us.
People who study the physical evidence that people have left behind, called artifacts.
Anything made by humans, ex. tools, furniture, clothing, technology, etc. They give us glimpses into the past.
The way groups of people have organized themselves to live/work together.
Interconnecting the world with technology, trade with other countries, and corporations doing business internationally.
Someone who belongs to a particular country.
A sense of national identity, an entitlement to rights, responsibilities to serve their country, belief in their country's values, and respect for others and the environment.
A society's way of life. Its three major elements are knowledge, values, and practices.
A group of people that has a central government that is responsible for infrastructure, etc. Note: this is NOT the same thing as a society.
Pictures taken from planes that reveal things that are not evident from the ground.
When scientists obtain DNA samples from early human remains and compare them with our own DNA.
The things that people of a certain culture are expected to know. Ex. people in Canada know that we have two official languages, our federal government is in Ottawa, and our Prime Minister is Stephen Harper.
Examples of Other Calendars
Hebrew calendar (Jewish), Islamic calendar (middle East)
Why we Can Never Fully Know History
We can never know the past directly, only through people's accounts and interpretations. We can never be sure that these are true, and we can't go back in time to experience the past ourselves, either.
This allows us to describe the world around us and communicate with other people. It can unite us, since it helps us communicate, or it can divide us, since there are many different types and no one can learn them all.
Looking to the past for guidance, and continuing customs/beliefs that have been passed down through generations. All religions depend on this. Usually, it is based on a sacred book or document.
What people believe, particularly about how the world was created. Can help to hold a society together.