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44 terms

Erikson

STUDY
PLAY
Ego Identity
The conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction is called:
Theory of Psychosocial Development
According to this personality theory:
-- Personality develops in stages and
-- Personality is impacted by social
experiences across the whole lifespan.
Conflict
A turning point during which the individual struggles to attain some psychological quality.
Trust vs. Mistrust
This stage occurs between birth and approximately 18 months of age. According to Erikson, this stage of psychosocial development is the most important period in a person's life.
Trust vs. Mistrust
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage 1 is:
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Gaining a sense of personal control over the world is important at this stage of psychosocial development.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Children who successfully complete this stage of psychosocial development feel secure and confident, while those who do not are left with a sense of inadequacy and self-doubt.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage 2 is:
Initiative vs. Guilt
During this stage of psychosocial development, children begin to assert their power and control over the world through directing play and other social interaction.
Initiative vs. Guilt
"Am I good or bad?" is the major question at this stage of psychosocial development:
Intiative vs. Guilt
Success in this stage of psychosocial development leads to a sense of purpose.
Intiative vs. Guilt
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage 3 is:
Trust vs. Mistrust
"Can I trust the people around me?" is the major question at this stage of psychosocial development:
Industry vs. Inferiority
This stage covers the early school years from approximately age 5 to 11.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
"Can I do things myself or am I reliant on the help of others?" is the major question at this stage of psychosocial development.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
This stage occurs between the ages of 18 months to approximately age two to three years.
Initiative vs. Guilt
This stage occurs during the preschool years, between the ages of three and five.
Industry vs. Inferiority
At this stage of psychosocial development, children who are encouraged and commended by parents and teachers develop a feeling of competence and belief in their skills.
Industry vs. Inferiority
"How can I be good?" is the major question at this stage of psychosocial development.
Industry vs. Inferiority
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage 4 is:
Industry vs. Inferiority
According to Erikson, this stage is vital in the development of self-confidence.
Identity vs. Role Confusion
This stage occurs during adolescence between the ages of approximately 12 to 18.
Identity vs. Role Confusion
"Who am I?" is the major question at this stage of psychosocial development.
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Erickson's Psychosocial Stage 5 is:
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Those who receive proper encouragement and reinforcement through personal exploration will emerge from this stage with a strong sense of self and a feeling of independence and control.
Intimacy vs. Isolation
This stage takes place during young adulthood between the ages of approximately 19 and 40.
Intimacy vs. Isolation
"Will I be loved or will I be alone?" is the major question at this stage of psycosocial development.
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage 6 is:
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Erikson believed success in this stage of psychosocial development leads to strong relationships.
Generativity vs. Stagnation
This stage takes place during middle adulthood between the ages of approximately 40 and 65.
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage 7 is:
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Those who are successful during this stage will feel that they are contributing to the world by being active in their home and community.
Generativity vs. Stagnation
"How can I contribute to the world?" is the major question at this stage.
Integrity vs. Despair
This stage occurs during late adulthood from age 65 through the end of life.
Integrity vs. Despair
"Did I live a meaningful life?" is the major question at this stage.
Integrity vs. Despair
Successfully completing this phase means looking back with few regrets and a general feeling of satisfaction.
Integrity vs. Despair
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage 8 is:
Wisdom
According to Erikson, those who are successful in Integrity vs. Despair stage emerge with:
Feelings of Inferiority
According to Erikson's theory, failure at the stage of Industry vs. Inferiority results in:
Identity vs. Role Confusion
According to Erikson, what is the major conflict faced during adolescence?
Intimacy vs. Isolation
The crisis that arises in young adulthood is concerned with:
Conflict
At each stage of Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, people experience a turning point referred to as a:
Ego Identity
The central theme of Erikson's theory of psychosocial stages was the development of:
Initiative vs. Guilt
Jane, a preschooler, insists on dressing herself each morning for school, even though she generally selects mismatching outfits, misses buttons, and wears her shoes on the wrong feet. When her mother tries to dress Jane or fix her outfit, Jane brushes her mother off and insists on doing it herself. What stage of psychosocial development best describes Jane's behavior?