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OTPF

STUDY
PLAY
Areas of Occupation
ADL's
IADL's
Rest & sleep
Education
Work
Play
Leisure
Social participation
Client Factors
Values, beliefs, and spirituality
Body functions
Body structures
Performance skills
Sensory perceptual skills
Motor and praxis skills
Emotional regulation skills
Cognitive skills
Communication & social skills
Performance patterns
Habits
Routines
Roles
Rituals
Context & environment
Cultural
Personal
Physical
Social
Temporal
Virtual
Activity demands
Objects used & their properties
Space demands
Social demands
Sequencing & timing
Required actions
Required body functions
Required body structures
Bathing & showering
ADL
Bowel & bladder management
ADL
Dressing
ADL
Eating (in mouth manipulation)
ADL
Feeding (bringing food to mouth, etc)
ADL
Functional mobility
ADL
Personal device care (hearing aids, contact lenses)
ADL
Personal hygiene and grooming
ADL
Sexual activity
ADL
Toilet hygiene
ADL
Care of others
IADL
Care of pets
IADL
Child rearing
IADL
Communication management (use of writing tools, telephone, computers, etc.)
IADL
Community mobility
IADL
Financial management
IADL
Health management and maintenance
IADL
Home establishment and management
IADL
Meal prep & cleanup
IADL
Religious observance
IADL
Safety and emergency maintenance (recognizing hazardous situations, etc.)
IADL
Shopping
IADL
Rest (quiet & effortless actions)
Rest & sleep
Sleep
Rest & sleep
Sleep preparation (undressing, saying goodnight to others, etc.)
Rest & sleep
Sleep participation (cessation of activities to ensure onset of sleep, etc.)
Rest & sleep
Formal educational participation
Education
Informal personal educational needs or interests exploration (beyond formal education)
Education
Informal personal education participation
Education
Employment interests & pursuits
Work
Employment seeking & acquisition
Work
Job performance
Work
Retirement preparation & adjustment
Work
Volunteer exploration
Work
Volunteer participation
Work
Play exploration
Play
Play participation
Play
Leisure exploration
Leisure
Leisure participation
Leisure
Community
Social participation
Family
Social participation
Peer, friend
Social participation
Client Factors: Values, Beliefs & Spirituality
*Values - principles, standards or qualities considered worthwhile
*Beliefs - cognitive content held as true
*Spirituality - personal quest for understanding answers to ultimate questions about life, meaning and the sacred
Client Factors: Body Functions
*Mental functions - affective, cognitive, perceptual
*Sensory functions and pain - seeing and related functions
*Musculoskeletal and movement related functions - joint mobility/stability
*Cardiovascular, hematological, immunological & respiratory function
*Voice & speech function
*Digestive, metabolic and endocrine function
*Genitourinary and reproductive function
*Skin function
Client Factors: Body Structures
*Structure of the nervous system
*Eyes, ear, and related structures
*Structures involved in voice & speech
*Structures of the cardiovascular, immunological, and respiratory systems
*Structures related to the digestive, metabolic, and endocrine systems
*Structures related to the genitourinary and reproductive systems
*Structures related to movement
*Skin and related structures
Activity Demands: Objects and their properties
Tools, materials, and equipment used in the process of carrying out the activity
Activity Demands: Space demands (relates to physical context)
Physical environmental requirements of the activity (e.g. size, arrangement, surface, lighting, temperature, noise, humidity, ventilation)
Activity Demands: Social demands (relates to social environment and cultural context)
Social environment and cultural contexts that may be required by the activity (e.g. rules of the game)
Activity Demands: Sequencing and timing
Process used to carry out the activity (e. g. specific steps, sequence, timing requirements) (steps to make tea)
Activity Demands: Required actions and performance skills
The usual skills that would be required by any performer to carry out the activity. Sensory, perceptual, motor, praxis, emotional, cognitive, communication, and social performance skills should each be considered.
Activity Demands: Required body functions
Physiological functions of body systems that are required to support the actions used to perform the activity (e.g. mobility of joints, level of consciousness)
Activity Demands: Required body structures
Anatomical parts of the body such as organs, limbs, and their components that are required to perform the activity (e.g. number of hands, number of eyes)
Performance Skills: Motor & praxis skills
MOTOR: Actions or behaviors a client uses to move and physically interact with tasks, objects, contexts, and environments.
PRAXIS: Skilled purposeful movements.
Performance Skills: Sensory-perceptual skills
Actions or behaviors a client uses to locate, identify, and respond to sensations and to select, interpret, associate, organize, and remember sensory events based on discriminating experiences thru a variety of sensations that include visual, auditory, proprioceptive, tactile, olfactory, gustatory, and vestibular.
Performance Skills: Emotional regulation skills
Actions or behaviors a client uses to identify, manage, and express feelings while engaging in activities or interacting with others.
Performance Skills: Cognitive skills
Actions or behaviors a client uses to plan and mane the performance of an activity.
Performance Skills: Communication & social skills
Actions or behaviors a person uses to communicate and interact with others in an interactive environment.
Performance Patterns - Person: Habits
Automatic behavior that is integrated into more complex patterns that enable people to function on a day-to-day basis. Can be useful, dominating, or impoverished and either support or interfere with performance in areas of occupation. (e.g. automatically put car keys in same place)
Performance Patterns - Person: Routines
Patterns of behavior that are observable, regular, repetitive, and that provide structure for daily life. They can be satisfying, promoting, or damaging; routines require momentary time commitment and are embedded in cultural and ecological contexts. (e. g. follows the sequence of steps with meal prep)
Performance Patterns - Person: Rituals
Symbolic actions with spiritual, cultural, or social meaning, contributing to the client's identity and reinforcing values and beliefs. Have a strong affective component and represent a collection of events (e. g. kisses a sacred book before reading)
Performance Patterns - Person: Roles
A set of behaviors expected by society, shaped by culture, and may be further conceptualized and defined by the client.
Three contexts of performance patterns:
Person
Organization
Population
Contexts & Environments: Cultural
Customs, beliefs, activity patterns, behavior standards, and expectations accepted by the society of which the client is a member; includes ethnicity and values as well as political aspects, such as laws that affect access to resources and affirm personal rights.
Contexts & Environments: Personal
Features of the individual that are not part of a health condition or health status; includes age, gender, socioeconomic status, and educational status.
Contexts & Environments: Temporal
The experience of time as shaped by engagement in occupations; includes stages of life, time of day or year, duration, rhythm of activity, or history.
Contexts & Environments: Virtual
Environment in which communication occurs by means of airways or computers and an absence of physical contact; includes simulated or real-time or near-time existence of an environment via chat rooms, email, video-conferencing, radio transmissions.
Contexts & Environments: Physical
Natural and built nonhuman environment and the objects in them:
*natural environment includes geographic terrain, sensory qualities of environment, plants and animals.
*built environment and objects includes buildings, furniture, tools or devices.
Contexts & Environments: Social
Is constructed by presence, relationships, and expectations of persons, organizations, populations.
*availability and expectations of significant individuals, such as spouse, friends, and caregivers.
*relationships with individuals, groups, or organizations.
*relationships with systems (political, legal, etc) that are influential in establishing norms, role expectations, and social routines.