Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
AP World Unit 1 Review 1200-1450
Terms in this set (22)
What is the significance of the hijra?
Muhammad's emigration from Mecca to Yathrib to escape persecution, year which Islamic calendar began, turning point for Islam
What is the difference between ruling styles under the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties?
The Umayyad Dynasty was NOT a conquering dynasty, while the Abbasid Dynasty WAS
How did the role of women change during the conquest of Mesopotamia and Persia?
Islamic society became more patriarchal (ex. more divorces, dowries, etc.)
Describe China's return to centralized rule.
After the fall of the Han dynasty China, was a bunch of fractured warring states. The Sui dynasty unified a bunch of those states.
What were the major achievements of the Tang Dynasty?
Expanded China immensely and relied on the bureaucracy of merit.
Development and significance of the civil service exams. How did these change under the Tang and Song?
A lot of common people could pass the test and work in the government. Under the Song these people became military leaders which was a bad idea.
Describe the attempts at centralized rule in South Asia in the post-classical period. (ex: Harsha)
King Harsha went door to door of the regional kingdoms trying to implement his rule.
Effects of Chinese cultural traditions on East Asia. (Confucianism, civil service examinations, patriarchy)
- Confucianism influenced politics in China and eventually spread to other states like Japan and Korea.
civil service examinations used to hire government officials.
- Girls would have their feet bound to make them depend on their male relatives.
How did the climate affect agriculture and trade?
Because of the monsoons people had to figure out a better way to trade.
Made more stable ships that could travel right through monsoons. For trade depending on the season of monsoons
-Winter: East Africa & Perian merchants dropped off cargo in W India
-Summer: SE Asia and Chinese merchants did the same
Describe the significance of the caste system in South Asia; how it changed in Southern India
It was a Social system that determined the following:
- What work they did
- Who they married
- People they could eat with
1st: Brahmins- priests
2nd: Kshatriyas - warriors & aristocrats
3rd: Vaishyas - artisans, merchants, & cultivators
4th: Shudras - landless peasants
5th: Dalit - "untouchables"; butchers
The arrival and impact of Islam
At first Islam was introduced to into through military force and raids. Islam was more popular with the political leaders. The conversion was slow and gradual but through that the Sufis came to be. A lot of people starting converting so they could improve their low social statuses.
How did the Olmec influence all later Mesoamerican societies?
The Olmecs were able to influence later Mesoamerican societies by making astronomical observations and creating a calendar that helped keep track of the seasons. They also invented a system of writing. Later, Mesoamerican societies adopted the Olmec traditions of human sacrifice, a distinctive ball game, the cultivation of maize, and the construction of ceremonial centers with temple pyramids.
Describe the rise and decline of the Mexica, or Aztec Empire.
By the early fifteenth century, Aztec Empire was able to overcome neighbors and expand their empire. During this time, they were being ruled by Itzcoat (r.1428-1440) and Mtecuzoma (r. 1440-1469). They started by conquering Oaxaca and then cities of the Gulf Coast. By the mid-fifteenth century, the Aztex Empire created a triple alliance with Texcoco and Tlacopan. At this point, they imposed rule on about twelve million people. However, this empire went into decline in the early sixteenth century when Spanish conquerors arrived.
How did Diaz describe Tenochtitlan?
Diaz described Tenochtitlan as an amazing sight. It had many tall towers and temples that came out of the water. They could not believe what they were seeing and Diaz was struggling to find the words to capture the magnificence of the city.
Why was ritual bloodletting so significant to Mesoamerican culture?
In the Mesoamerican culture it was believed that the gods had created the world and were the ones that kept it going. In order to please the gods and keep their agricultural society going, they believed the ritual bloodletting was what was the satisfaction.
Describe the growth of the Bantu-speaking societies in sub-Saharan Africa. What was the significance of the banana crop?
The Bantu people migrated south and established villages run by a kin-based system. Bananas originated in southeast Asia but were traded across the Indian ocean and ended up in Africa where the Bantu people cultivated it.
Describe the stateless societies and developments of kingdoms city-states and empires in both Western and Eastern Africa.
For a long time Africa had stateless societies but as land for settling ran out larger kingdoms started to dominate and consolidate their power.
Conversion to Islam: effects for rulers and merchants; differences from other regions
The kings ended up with a better relationship with the Muslim merchants from the north but they didnt force their subject to convert and so African culture survived. In comparison to the middle east, where they imposed taxes and limited social mobility of the non Musilms.
Significance of the Holy Roman Empire
Fought the Byzantine Empire and gave the Pope political and military power.
How did Western European society adapt to the political turmoil? (feudalism, manorial system, 3 Estates)
3 estates: those who: 1st pray- clergy, 2nd fight- knights, 3rd work peasants
During rural time the cities didn't survive but the towns did and they were run by the concept of feudalism which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection. The manorial system where people weren't exactly free but they weren't enslaved either. They lived and worked on manors: large estates mostly self-sufficient, with lords and serfs bound to the land.
Compare and contrast two regions and their systems of government and cultural development in the post-classical era.
The governments of Southwest Asia and East Asia during the postclassical era had clear similarities, especially in the fact that they both imposed and maintained centralized imperial rule. Both governments used military expansion to extend their rule while using their religions and belief systems as unifying forces. Furthermore, they each had cosmopolitan societies, patriarchal social structures, and conducted trade through the use of silk roads, sometimes even trading with each other. However, the China and the dar al-Islam differed on some key points. While Confucianism and Buddhism were the prominent ideologies of China. Islam was the primary religion of the dar al-Islam. China implemented a bureaucracy of merit, while Islamic rulers often appointed Arab military aristocrats to positions of authority with less regard towards qualification. In terms of naval technology, the Chinese were much more advanced. Fundamentally, though, the governments of East Asia and Southwest Asia were very similar.
Explain the spread of Buddhism into China. Identify one way that Buddhist thought influences China and one way that China influenced Buddhism.
Buddhism spread into China as the religion started to gain popularity with the Chinese because of its high standards of morality. Buddhists started establishing monastic communities in China. Buddhist thought influenced China through Buddhist mortality. Some Chinese chose to adopt this mortality instead of the Chinese mortality. China influenced Buddhism by having influence on the Chinese government. It started to become a guide and a popular force used for the people.
Sets with similar terms
History 101 Midterm Essay Questions
Ch.15: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia
Spring history final questions (ch. 1-21)
History final exam
Other sets by this creator
Unit 1 Terminology: Geometry
Chapter 12 Study Guide
Romeo and Juliet Study Guide
Elements of a Sonnet
Other Quizlet sets
Non-Equilibrium Ecosystem Dynamics
Hair, Skin, Nail