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22 terms

WHAP ch 16 vocabulary

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Latin West
Western Europe
Importance of Latin West
many achievements; emerged from economic and cultural shadow of Islamic neighbors
Three-field system
Crops grown in two thirds of the field, other third left grew oats
Black death
Bubonic plague
Importance of black death
Wiped out 1/3 of European population; job openings, ended surfism
Water wheel
Used flow of water to turn wheels
Hanseatic League
an association of trading cities
Guild
association of craft specialists
Gothic cathedrals
architectural wonders of their times; huge cathedrals
renaissance
"Rebirth"; intellectual and artistic renewal.
Universities
degree-granting corporations specializing in multidisciplinary research and advanced teaching
Scholasticism
synthesized reason and faith
Humanists
Intrist in grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history and moral philosophy
Importance of Humanists
focused on the individual
printing press
A mechanical device that pressed inked type onto sheets of paper
Importance of printing press
allowed fast and easy reproduction of books and papers
Great Western Schism
rival papal claimants at Avigon vs papal claimants in Rome
Importance of GWS
further eroded papal authority
Hundred years war
King of France vs vassals
Importance of HYW
first use of cannon; Joan of Arc
New Monarchies
more centralized power, more fixed national boundaries and stronger representative institutions
reconquest of Iberia
Spanish drove Muslim rule back