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A plot of land leased in exchange for military service


A knight who leased some land from a noble (called a lord)

`Tenants in Chief

The highest level of the feudal system

Oath of fealty

an oath made by vassal, to be one of the lord's man on the battle field , whenever he is called upon a fight.


the relationship between lords and vassals


the estate of a lesser tenant


A peasant who belonged to the lord, and worked on land in exchange for protection

Three field system

A system that allowed farmers from the 13th century to produce more crops per season then ever before.

Feudalism was useful for three main reasons

1. provided system of government 2. provided system of justice 3.and means of protection


the tower that kept the Kings and lords in times of war


big area inside a castle that held the lords quarters and protected peasants in times of war.


was a bridge which could be raised or lowered .usually located over a moat.


was the living quarters over the main gate of the castle.


clothes closet


A ditch , usually filled with water, surrounding a castle


A device for protecting the entrance to the is a gate made of heavy wood and iron crossbars.

siege tower

on wheels, with drawbridge , so troops could enter castle.

battering ram

a long beam with iron point for ramming at doors or walls


tall stone wall that surround a castle


a mound of earth created to put castle at higher level

who had land

the king owned whole land, but he cannot care each part of it , so he had to give to nobleman called lords . in time of siege the lords had to have heavily armed man called knight to protect them , but in order to keep knights kind and loving lord had to give some land to knights , who becomes vassals . In each land vassals or lords would own peasants to work in the field in exchange for protection and small plots of land.

who provided services

Knights and peasants provided services.Knights

what were the services?

Knights owned lands and exchanged for military service and collected taxes . .

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