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23 terms

castles and the feudal system

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Fief
A plot of land leased in exchange for military service
Vassal
A knight who leased some land from a noble (called a lord)
`Tenants in Chief
The highest level of the feudal system
Oath of fealty
an oath made by vassal, to be one of the lord's man on the battle field , whenever he is called upon a fight.
Feudalism
the relationship between lords and vassals
Manor
the estate of a lesser tenant
Serf
A peasant who belonged to the lord, and worked on land in exchange for protection
Three field system
A system that allowed farmers from the 13th century to produce more crops per season then ever before.
Feudalism was useful for three main reasons
1. provided system of government 2. provided system of justice 3.and means of protection
Keep
the tower that kept the Kings and lords in times of war
Bailey
big area inside a castle that held the lords quarters and protected peasants in times of war.
Drawbridge
was a bridge which could be raised or lowered .usually located over a moat.
gatehouse
was the living quarters over the main gate of the castle.
guardrobe
clothes closet
Moat
A ditch , usually filled with water, surrounding a castle
Portcullis
A device for protecting the entrance to the castle.it is a gate made of heavy wood and iron crossbars.
siege tower
on wheels, with drawbridge , so troops could enter castle.
battering ram
a long beam with iron point for ramming at doors or walls
curtain
tall stone wall that surround a castle
motte
a mound of earth created to put castle at higher level
who had land
the king owned whole land, but he cannot care each part of it , so he had to give to nobleman called lords . in time of siege the lords had to have heavily armed man called knight to protect them , but in order to keep knights kind and loving lord had to give some land to knights , who becomes vassals . In each land vassals or lords would own peasants to work in the field in exchange for protection and small plots of land.
who provided services
Knights and peasants provided services.Knights
what were the services?
Knights owned lands and exchanged for military service and collected taxes . .