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AP World: Chinese Dynasties

Dates and major accomplishments of the main Chinese dynasties.
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Shang
1750-1027 BC
Shang
First to produce bronze
Shang
Built extensive tombs for emperors
Shang
Practiced ancestor worship
Zhou
Began Mandate of Heaven
Zhou
"Book of Songs" preserved its early literature
Zhou
Adopted Shang customs and culture
Zhou
Allied with Shang, only to overthrow Shang king
Qin
221-207 BC
Qin
Used Legalist philosophy in restoring order
Qin
Ended the Warring States period
Qin
Short-lived due to strict laws and harsh punishments
Qin
Standardized weights and measures
Qin
Started construction of the Great Wall
Han
206 BC-220 CE
Han
Longest lasting Chinese dynasty
Han
Emperors ruled from Chang'an
Han
Demand for Chinese silk led to development of the silk roads
Han
Eventually moved capital from Chang'an (east) to Luoyang
Han
Yellow Turban Rebellion weakens government
Sui
581-617 CE
Sui
Public work projects (granaries, palaces, repair of defensive walls)
Sui
Build Grand Canal connecting Hangzhou to Chang'an
Tang
618-907 CE
Tang
Emperor "(name of dynasty) Taizong" builds impressive capital at Chang'an
Tang
Military conquests of Manchuria, Tibet, Korea, northern Vietnam
Tang
Maintains empire with system of roads with horses, human runners, inns, postal stations, and stables
Tang
Foot binding begins
Tang
Height of Buddhist influence until repression in 845
Song
960-1279 CE
Song
Large bureaucracy caused financial problems
Song
Limited military experience (of scholar-bureaucrats) caused military experience
Song
Northern Capital at Bianjing, Southern Capital at Lin'an
Song
Scholars combine studies of Confucian beliefs with writings of Buddhism
Song
Foot binding spreads to upper class
Yuan
1279-1368 CE
Yuan
Mongols rule empire
Yuan
Capital at Dadu (present-day Beijing)
Ming
1368-1644 CE
Ming
Emperor Hongwu attempts to remove all signs of Mongol rule
Ming
Economic recovery included rebuilding irrigation systems, promoting production of manufactured goods like porcelain, silk, and cotton
Ming
Revival of civil service exams encouraged creation of extensive scholar-bureaucrat class which governed much of the empire
Ming
Economic recovery led to a rise in wealth and power of the merchant class
Ming
Finished the Great Wall
Ming
Implemented single whip tax system: pay a single national tax with silver
Qing
1644-1911 CE
Qing
Manchus invade China and claim Mandate of Heaven
Qing
Followed Qing system of ruling through a highly centralized system of scholar-bureaucrats
Qing
Expanded Chinese empire to roughly its current size