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Ch. 1 Cengage
Terms in this set (38)
which part of the Bill of Rights protects state power
Which level of government may give power to the states
Some believe that the diversity of the use of state and local authority may violate which constitutional guarantees
Which federal law defined marriage as being between a man and a woman?
Defense of Marriage Act
Which U.S. Supreme Court case established that same-sex marriage should be legal in all 50 states?
Obergefell v. Hodges
"The flaw in the pluralist heaven is that the heavenly chorus sings with a strong upper-class accent." —E. E. Schattschneider
"All, too, will bear in mind this sacred principle, that though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will to be rightful must be reasonable. . . ." —Thomas Jefferson
"[This]conception of society, therefore, sees a vast profusion of group interests represented and embodied by political groups, none of which has the power to prevail over the rest." —Michael Foley
"Interest groups disproportionately represent people and corporations that can afford to meet the cost of organized persuasion." —Charles Lindblom
New England town meetings operate on this principle, as do many of the ballot measures that voters see in a typical election year.
Citizens unhappy with the performance of their governor might use this.
This is the means by which a group of citizens gathers signatures to place a measure on the ballot.
Many states use this in order to amend their constitutions.
Patrick Henry, leaders of the civil rights movement, and progressive reformers are historical examples modeling the ___________ view of how power is distributed.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a widely distributed benefit?
subsidies to farmers
In ________ politics, a policy is proposed in which one small group benefits and almost everybody pays.
With the growth of the bureaucracy, government's role has shifted from simply reacting to events and demands from society to
proposing policies and implementing new laws
______ referred to democracy as the "rule of the many."
Issues that people believe require governmental action refers to a _______
The class view of how power is distributed is most commonly associated with _____
When the president's junior speechwriters adopt a certain tone when crafting a speech, it is an example of ________
The 1954 Supreme Court decision to desegregate schools was met with __________
mandatory governmental compliance and action by President Eisenhower
When a legislator supports a proposal favored by another in return for support of his or her own proposal, it is known as ____________
Representative democracy is sometimes disapprovingly referred to as the ______ theory of democracy
Which of the following is the best example of legitimacy?
the U.S. Constitution
The fact that the rich are taxed more heavily than the poor and amendments that gave voting rights to minorities were passed by large majorities suggests that
government does not always adopt policies that are to the narrow advantage of those who hold political offices
The authors suggest _________ is arguably one of the best barometers of changes in who governs.
the policy process
Most major pieces of social legislation reflect _______ politics
In the fourth century B.C., the Greek polis, or city-state, extended citizenship and participation in government to
free adult male property holders
_______ authority means that the right to exercise power is vested in a governmental office.
A political system is nondemocratic to the extent that it
denies equal voting rights to part of its society
the _____ of a proposed policy is any burden that people believe they must bear if the policy is enacted.
A town meeting where all adult citizens gather annually to vote on issues is the embodiment of _______ democracy
Which theory of how power is distributed views political resources as widely distributed?
According to the ________ view of how power is distributed, appointed officials run everything despite the efforts of elected officials and the public to control them.
The work of ________ argues that the power elite view of American democracy is dominated by a few top leaders, many of them wealthy or privately powerful, who do not hold elective office.
Which of the following statements about political issues is correct?
Politics is the activity by which an issue is agitated or settled.
The definition of authority is
the right to use power
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