15 terms

Chapter 11: Aggression

behaviour intended to harm another individual
instrumental aggression
inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value
emotional aggression
inflicting harm for its own sake
social learning theory
the proposition that behaviour is learned through the observation of others as well as through the direct experiences of rewards and punishments
frustration-aggression hypothesis
the idea that frustration always elicits the motive to aggress and that all aggression is caused by frustration
aggressing against a substitute target because aggressive acts against the source of the frustration are inhibited by fear or lack of access
a reduction of the motive to aggress that is said to result from any imagined, observed, or actual act of aggression
arousal-affect model
the proposal that aggression is influenced by both the intensity of arousal and the type of emotion produced by a stimulus
cognitive neoassociation analysis
the view that unpleasant experiences create negative effects, which in turn stimulates associations connected with anger and fear; emotional and behavioural outcomes then depend, at least in part, on higher-order cognitive processing
weapons effect
the tendency of weapons to increase the likelihood of aggression by their mere presence
mitigating information
information about a person's situation indicating that he or she should not be held fully responsible for aggressive actions
hostile attribution bias
the tendency to perceive hostile intent in others
adaptation to something familiar so that both physiological and psychological responses are reduced
the process by which the mass media (particularly television) construct a version of social reality for the public
cycle of family violence
the transmission of domestic violence across generations