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41 terms

Buddhism: Final

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Shinran
Japanese Buddhist monk; founder of the Jodo Hinshu sect in Japan
Bodhidharma
monk who lived during the 5th/6h century; credited as the leading patriarch and transmitter of Zen
Linchi
Zen monk; used physical discipline on his students
Dogen
Zen monk; founder of the Soto school
Nichiren
Japanese monk who taught devotion to the Lotus Sutra
Tsong Khapa
Tibetan Buddhist whose teachings led to the formation of the Geluk school
Milarepa
one of Tibet's most famous yogis and poets
Shantideva
author of Guide to a Bodhisattva's Way of Life; Dalai Lama's favorite philosopher
Sylvia Boorstein
founding teacher of Spirit Rock Meditation center
Jack Kerouac
American novelist and poet who was part of the Beat Generation, wrote about Buddhism
Allen Ginsberg
American poet who was part of the Beat Generation; strongly opposed militarism, materialism, and sexual oppression
Gary Snyder
American poet who was part of the Beat Generation; his works reflected his immersions in Buddhism
Chogyam Trungpa
Tibetan Buddhist and meditation master; had controversial practices, including having sex with many of his students
Thich Nhat Hanh
Vietnamese Buddhist monk; firm pacifist
Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche
prominent Bhutanese tulku; is also a filmmaker and writer
Sharon Salzberg
best selling author and teacher of meditation practices; her emphasis is on loving-kindness and insight, which originate from the Theravada tradition
Jack Kornfield
teacher in the vipassana movement of American Theravada Buddhism
D.T. Suzuki
professor at Columbia who was into beat Zen; was not formally trained therefore he could not teach meditation; talked about Buddhism as a philosophy
Shunryu Suzuki/Suzuki Roshi
Zen master who popularized Zen Buddhism in the U.S.
Philip Kapleau
established a stable Zen community in Rochester, NY that was notable for its attempt to develop an American style Zen practice
John Daido Loori
founder and abbot of the Zen Mountain Monastery in Mount Tremper, NY
Maurine Stuart
one of the first female Zen masters; was a Rinzai Zen roshi
Thomas Merton
a Catholic who supported interfaith understanding; has had dialogue with the Dalai Lama, Thich Nhat Hanh, and D.T. Suzuki
Joan Halifax
Buddhist teacher, Zen priest, anthropologist, and author; founder, abbot, and head teacher of the Upaya Zen Center
Jon Kabat-Zinn
founding director of the Stress Reduction Clinic and Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society; founding member of the Cambridge Zen Center
Fleet Maull
while imprisoned on drug charges, he started a Buddhist meditation group in the prison chapel which he led for 14 years
Jizo
bodhisattva; patron of children, mothers, aborted babies, etc.
Avalokiteshvara
bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas
Amitabha
a principle buddha in the Pure Land sect; often called the "Buddha of Infinite Light"
Hsi Lai Temple
Chinese Buddhist Mountain Monastery located in Hacienda Heights, California (suburbs of LA); one of the first overseas branch temples
Plum village
main center of Thich Nhat Hanh
San Francisco Zen Center
affiliated with the Soto Zen practice; received media coverage after the resignation of Reverend Richard Baker, after it was found out he was having an affair with another Zen member's wife
Spirit Rock Meditation Center
teaches the in the vipassana tradition; has classes, daylong programs, and retreats
Naropa Institute
founded by Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche; later became a university that combined traditional Western studies as well as Buddhist practice
Zen Mountain Monastery
located in NY; combines Rinzai and Soto traditions
Nyingma
oldest of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism; unified by Padmasambhava as their founder
Kagyu
one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism; considered to be a "new transmission" school since it follows Tantra teachings
Sakya
one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism; main point is that nirvana and samsara are inseparable
Gelug
one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism; also known as the Yellow Hat sect
five precepts
1) no killing
2) no sexual misconduct
3) no lying
4) no stealing
5) no intoxicants
skillful means
practitioners may use their own specific methods or techniques to spread the Dharma