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20 terms

Ch 14 Treatment of Psychological Disorders

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psychotherapy
interaction between therapist and someone suffering from psychological problem, with goal of providing support or relief from problem
psychodynamic psychotherapy
general approach to treatment that explores childhood events and encourages individuals to develop insight into their psychological problems
resistance
reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material
transference
event that occurs in psychoanalysis when the analyst begins to assume a major significance in the client's life and the client reacts to the analyst based on unconscious childhood fantasies
interpersonal psychotherapy
form of psychotherapy that focuses on helping clients improve current relationships
behavior therapy
type of therapy that assumes that disordered behavior is learned and symptom relief is achieved through changing overt maladaptive behaviors into more constructive behaviors
exposure therapy
approach to treatment that involves confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in emotional response
systematic desensitization
procedure in which a client relaxes all muscles of his/her body while imagining being in increasingly frightening situations
cognitive therapy
form of psychotherapy that involves helping a client identify and correct any distorted thinking about self, others, or the world
cognitive restructuring
teaches clients to question the automatic beliefs, assumptions and predictions that often lead to negative emotions and to replace negative thinking with more realistic and positive beliefs
person-centered therapy
approach to therapy that assumes all individuals have a tendency toward growth and that this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist
gestalt therapy
existentialist approach to treatment with the goal of helping the client become aware of his or her thoughts, behaviors, experiences and feelings to "own" or take responsibility for them
antipsychotic drugs
medications that are used to treat schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders
psychopharmacology
study of drug effects on psychological states and symptoms
electroconvulsive therapy
treatment that involves inducing a mild seizure by delivering an electrical shock to the brain
transcranial magnetic stimulation
treatment that involves placing a powerful pulsed magnet over a person's scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain
psychosurgery
surgical destruction of specific brain areas
phototherapy
treatment for seasonal depression that involves repeated exposure to bright light
placebo
inert substance or procedure that has been applied with the expectation that a healing response will be induced
iatrogenic illness
disorder or symptom that occurs as a result of a medical or psychotherapeutic treatment itself