Terms in this set (14)
is used to resect and excise a neoplasm; is indicated only after consideration of the size, type, and location of the malignancy as well as the pt's age and overall health
may be curative or palliative and usually requires a combination of other treatment modalities secondary to potential metastases; common side effects include fatigue, pain, deformity, scar tissue formation, and infection
is administered as either ionizing radiation or particle radiation and can be delivered by teletherapy (external beam) brachytherapy (a sealed source) or system therapy (unsealed source)
destroys the dyrogen bonds between the DNA strands within the cancer cells; may be used to prior to surgical intervention to shrink a tumor and/or post-surgical intervention to ensure destruction of residual cancer cells.
most useful with localized cancer; common side effects include headache, bone marrow suppression, skin reactions, neuropathy, visual disturbances, mausea, vomiting, urinary frequency, diarrhea, delayed wound healing, and infection
consists of a group of drugs that are administered to destory cancer cells; agents include alkylating agents, antimetabolite agents, seroid hormones, plant alkaloid agents, interferons, and anti-tumor antibiotics
most useful with widespread cancer and metastatic cancer, but is also used to incude remission, cure and/or eradicate resudal cancer cells; the drugs can be administered orally, subcutaneously, intramuscularly, intravenously or intracavitarily.
common side effects include nausea, vomiting, electrolyte imbalance, sexual dysfunction, hair loss, pain, and a decrease in platelet, red, and white blood cell counts
utilizes various agents and/or techniques to change the relationship between the cancer and its host. biological response modifiers strengthen the person's biological response to the cancer cells.
common agents or procedures used with this treatment include interferons, interleukin-2, bone marrow transplant, stem cell transplant, monoclonal antibodies, hormonal therapy, and colony-stimulating factors
common side effects include fever, chils, nausea, vomiting anorexia, centeral nervous system impairement, inflammatory reaction, leukopenia, and fatigue
focuses on the use of thalidomide and its suppression of blood supply formation. it is had initial success in teh treatment of multiple myeloma.
there is research to support inhibition in the gorwth of primary tumors through blocking the process of tumor growth as opposed to destruction of an already formed mass
palliative treatment (provide relief)
for the management of cancer can include radiation, chemotherapy, physical therapy, chiropractics, acupuncture, alternative and homeopathic medicines, relaxation, biofeedback, pharmacological intervention, and hospice