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Major Terms/Concepts of The Constitution
Terms in this set (18)
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War
a government with two legislative houses or chambers (a two-house legislative system)
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments to the Constitution
Checks and Balances
authority shared by three branches of government
Declaration of Independence
1776 statement, issued by the Second Continental Congress, explaining why the colonies wanted independence from Britain.
a model of democracy in which a small number of people, usually those who are wealthy and well-educated, influence political decision making
powers given to the national government alone
A collection of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison under the name "Publius" to defend the Constitution in detail.
Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-selected Senate, with two members for each state
A doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and, as such, can be understood by reason.
a system of government where rank-and-file citizens rule themselves rather than electing representatives to govern on their behalf
a model of democracy that stresses vigorous competition among various interests in a free society
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
a form of government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body and exercise power according to the rule of law under a constitution
Separation of Powers
Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules.
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits. (constitution is the supreme law of the land).
Agreement that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person in determining representation and taxation purposes in the House (negated by the 13th amendment)
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