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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Topic: Ch. 1 Early Exploration and Settlement/Three Worlds Collide Study Guide
Study guide for 2nd quiz of the year
Terms in this set (23)
What are hunter-gatherers?
They hunted animals and gathered wild plants for food
How did the first Native Americans get to North America and where did they come from?
The first Native Americans came from Asia during the last ice age thousands of years ago.
How did the different environments affect the different ways of life developed by the Native American groups?
The environment affected the way they lived, what they ate.
What was the Iroquois League?
An alliance of native tribes
Which two continents did the Europeans make their greatest trading profits from during the Commercial Revolution
Africa and Asia.
Which King and Queen paid for Columbus's three ships?
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.
In which direction did Columbus plan to sail towards in order to get to Asia?
Who was Amerigo Vespucci?
An explorer after whom America was named.
Who was Ferdinand Magellan?
He was an explorer who planned to sail around the world, some of his crew made it.
What was the Columbian Exchange?
The transfer of plants, animals and diseases between the old world and the New World.
What was the most terrible result of the Columbian Exchange?
Disease brought by Europeans
Who was Bartolome de Las Casas?
A Priest who tried to get laws passed to protect the Native Americans.
What was a conquistador?
Spanish soldiers who lead expeditions
What was the Columbian Exchange and what were 2 continents that were involved?
America and Europe
Who were the two most famous conquistadors and who did they conquer?
Cortes conquered the Aztec empire
Pizarro conquered the Inca
What was the Protestant Reformation?
Protest against the Catholic Church
Who was Juniperro Serra?
Spanish priest who established missions in CA
Which areas did the French settle in North America?
The Great Lakes region, and the Mississippi River Valley.
Who established the 13 colonies on the east coast of North America?
What was the first permanent English colony?
What was an indentured servant?
An employee in a system of unfree labor
How did the European colonies end up getting more workers?
They offered poor people a free trip to America if they promised to work for them for 3-7 years.
What was the Middle Passage or Middle Crossing?
The stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were forcibly transported
Recommended textbook explanations
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
Creating America: Beginnings through World War I
Creating America: 1877 to the 21st Century
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