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SAT II Bio - Princeton Chapter 9 - Taxonomy (Part 1)

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Bacteria
Name the DOMAIN for kingdom eubacteria
Cyanobacteria
Alternative name for blue-green algae
Eubacteria
Name the KINGDOM for Cyanobacteria
prokaryotes
Type of cell for domain bacteria
Archaea
Name the DOMAIN for kingdom Archaebacteria
prokaryotes
Type of cell for domain archaea
extremophiles
Organisms that live in harsh conditions
extreme halophiles
Organisms that live in extremely salty conditions
extreme thermophiles
Organisms that live in extremely hot temperatures
methanogens
Anaerobes that release methane as a waste product
Eukarya
Name the single DOMAIN which is made up of eukaryotes
Protista
Name the KINGDOM(s) that contain organisms that most of the time are either unicellular or in colonies, but usually not multicellular.
Protozoa
Animal-like protists
Algae
Plant-like protists
Fungus-like protists
There are animal-like protists, plant-like protists, and _____.
Protista
KINGDOM of Amoebas
Phylum Rhizopoda
Amoeba
Amoebas
____ are unicellular and move about using cellular exotensions called pseudopodia. They are found in soils and also in freshwater and marine environments. Some are parasitic.
Phylum Apicomplexa
Sporozoans
Protista
KINGDOM of Sporozoans
Sporozoans
____ are all animal parasites. Some cause serious human diseases such as malaria. Most members of this phylum have life ccles with both sexual and asexual stages that often require two or more different host species for completion.
Protista
KINGDOM of Ciliates
Phylum Ciliophora
Ciliates
Ciliates
This group of unicellular organisms is characterized by their use of cilia for movement and feeding. For example is paramecium.
Protista
KINGDOM of Slime Molds
Phyla Myxomycota and Acrasiomycota
Slime Molds
Slime Molds
These organisms resemble an overgrown amoeba. They contain many nuclei.
Protista
KINGDOM of Euglena
Phylum Euglenophyta
Euglena
Euglena
These are unicellular, photynthetic, algae.
Protista
KINGDOM of Diatoms
Phylum Bacilariophyta
Diatoms
Diatoms
These unicellular organisms have unique, glasslike walls and live in both freshwater and marine environments. These walls remain behind when the organism dies and form the sediments known as that is useful as filtering medium.