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13 terms

AP Psych Ch. 18

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psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
new subfield of psychology that examines the interactions among psychological factors, the nervous system, and the immune system
self-esteem
positive or negative evaluation of the self
self-awareness theory
theory that self-focused attention leads people to notice their shortcomings, thus motivating a change in behavior or an escape from self-awareness
health psychology
study of the links between psychological factors and physical health and illness
stress
aversive state of arousal triggered by the perception that an event threatens our ability to cope effectively
posttraumatic stress disorder
anxiety disorder triggered by an extremely stressful event, such as combat
general adaptation syndrome
three stage process (alarm, resistance, exhaustion) by which the body responds to stress
Type A personality
personality characterized by and impatient, hard-driving, and hostile pattern of behavior
Type B personality
personality characterized by an easygoing, relaxed pattern of behavior
immune system
biological surveillance system that detects and destroys "nonself" substances that invade the body
lymphocytes
specialized white blood cells that secrete chemical antibodies and facilitate the immune response
hardiness
personality style that is characterized by commitment, challenge, and control. hardiness acts as a buffer against stress
social support
healthful coping resources provided by friends and other people