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21 terms

Erikson

STUDY
PLAY
Basic trust vs. mistrust
Infancy - Birth to 1yr - infants learn to trust or to not trust that significant others will properly care for their basic needs including nourishment, sucking, warmth, cleanliness, and physical contact.
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
Toddler - 1 to 3yrs - children learn either to be self-sufficient in many activities, including toileting, feeding, walking, and talking, or to doubt their own abilities
Initiative vs. guilt
Preschool - 4 to 6yrs - children want to undertake many adultlike activiities, sometimes going beyond the limits set by parents and feeling guilty because of it
Industry vs inferiority
School age - 7 to 11yrs - children eagerly learn to be competent and productive or feel inferior and unable to do any task well
identity vs role confusion
adolescence - 12 to 19yrs - adolescents try to figure out "who am I?" They establish sexual, ethnic, and career identities or are confused about what future roles to play
Intimacy vs isolation
young adulthood - 20 to 44 - young adults seek companionship and love with another person or become isolated from others
generativity vs stagnation
middle adulthood - 45 to 65yrs- middle aged adults are productive, performing meaningful work and raising a family, or become stagnant and inactive
Ego integrity vs. despair
late adulthood - 65 plus - older adults try to make sense out of their lives, either seeing life as meaningful and whole or despairing at goals never reached and questions never answered
According to Erikson, the develpmental taks for older adults are:
1. intimacy vs isolation
2. generativity vs despair
3. ego integrity vs despair
4. initiative vs guilt
3. Ego integrity vs Despair
According to Erikson the task of the young adult is:
1. trust vs mistrust
2. identity vs confusion
3. generativity vs stagnation
4. intimacy vs isolation
2. identity vs confusion
According to Erikson, when the infant is cuddled, fed and loved, the infant will develop:
1. autonomy
2. trust
3. industry
4. identity
2. Trust
An 8 yr old loves to draw and do craft projects. Her need for praise and encouragement for her work efforts demonstrates her development of Erikson's task of:
1. autonomy
2. initiative
3. industry
4. identity
3. industry
At 4 yrs of age, a child is working on Erikson's task of:
1. trust vs, mistrust
2. industry vs inferiority
3. autonomy vs shame & doubt
4. initiative vs guilt
4. initiative vs guilt
Name the developmental task for age of birth to 1yr
Infancy = basic trust vs mistrust
Name the developmental task for age of
1 to 3yrs
Toddler = autonomy vs shame & doubt
Name the developmental task for age of
4 to 6 yrs
preschool = initiative vs guilt
Name the developmental task for age of
7 to 11yrs
school age = industry vs inferiority
Name the developmental task for age of
12 to 19
adolescence = identity vs role confusion
Name the developmental task for age of
20 to 44
young adulthood = intimacy vs isolation
Name the developmental task for age of 45 to 65
middle adulthood = generativity vs stagnation
Name the developmental task for age of
65 plus
late adulthood= ego integrity vs despair