26 terms

Magruder's American Government - Chapter 24

Governing the States Terms / Identifications / People Ms. Coss AP class at Land O Lakes High School
STUDY
PLAY
police power
The authority of each State to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals, and general welfare of its people.
p566, p691
lieutenant governor
An elected official serving as deputy to the governor of a state of the United States
p699
Initiative
A process in which a certain number of qualified voters sign petitions in favor of a proposed statute or constitutional amendment, which then goes directly to the ballot.
p687
referendum
A process by which a legislative measure is referred to the State's voters for final approval or rejection.
p693
recall powers of the Governor
A petition procedure by which voters may remove an elected official from office before the completion of his or her regular term.
p696
clemency
Mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive.
p407, p699
pardon
Release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime, by the President or a Governor.
p407, p699
commutation
The power to reduce (commute) the length of a sentence or fine for a crime.
p408, p699
reprieve
An official postponement of the execution of a sentence.
p407, p699
parole
The release of a prisoner short of the complete term of the original sentence.
p699
constitutional
sanctioned by or consistent with or operating under a constitution
statutory
A law passed by the legislature.
p688
administrative law
The body of law created by administrative agencies (in the form of rules, regulations, orders, and decisions) in order to carry out their duties and responsibilities.
common law
An unwritten law made by a judge that has developed over centuries from those generally accepted ideas of right and wrong that have gained judicial recognition.
p702
criminal law
The portion of the law that defines public wrongs and provides for their punishment.
p704
felony
A serious crime which may be punished by a heavy fine and/or imprisonment or even death.
p704
misdameanor
A lesser offense, punishable by a small fine and/or a short jail term.
p704
civil law
The portion of the law relating to human conduct, to disputes between private parties, and to disputes between private parties and government not covered by criminal law.
p704
information
A formal charge filed by a prosecutor without the action of a grand jury.
p704
Justice of the Peace
A judge who who stands on the lowest level of the State judicial system and presides over justice courts.
p707
warrants
A court order authorizing, or making legal, some official action, such as a search warrant or an arrest warrant.
p708
magistrates
A justice who handles minor civil complaints and misdameanor cases that arise in an urban setting.
p708
Missouri Plan
A system for selecting judges that combines features of the appointive and elective methods. The governor selects judges from lists presented by panels of lawyers and laypersons, and at the end of their term, the judges may run against their own record in retention elections.
p712
Executive Powers (4)
(1) Appointment and Removal
(2) Supervisory
(3) Budget-Making
(4) Military
p697
Powers of the Governor - Legislative (3)
(1) The Message
(2) Special Sessions
(3) Veto
p698
Powers of the Governor - Judicial (4)
(1) Clemency
(2) Commutation
(3) Reprieve
(4) Parole
p699
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