Magruder's American Government - Chapter 24
Governing the States Terms / Identifications / People Ms. Coss AP class at Land O Lakes High School
Terms in this set (26)
The authority of each State to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals, and general welfare of its people.
An elected official serving as deputy to the governor of a state of the United States
A process in which a certain number of qualified voters sign petitions in favor of a proposed statute or constitutional amendment, which then goes directly to the ballot.
A process by which a legislative measure is referred to the State's voters for final approval or rejection.
recall powers of the Governor
A petition procedure by which voters may remove an elected official from office before the completion of his or her regular term.
Mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive.
Release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime, by the President or a Governor.
The power to reduce (commute) the length of a sentence or fine for a crime.
An official postponement of the execution of a sentence.
The release of a prisoner short of the complete term of the original sentence.
sanctioned by or consistent with or operating under a constitution
A law passed by the legislature.
The body of law created by administrative agencies (in the form of rules, regulations, orders, and decisions) in order to carry out their duties and responsibilities.
An unwritten law made by a judge that has developed over centuries from those generally accepted ideas of right and wrong that have gained judicial recognition.
The portion of the law that defines public wrongs and provides for their punishment.
A serious crime which may be punished by a heavy fine and/or imprisonment or even death.
A lesser offense, punishable by a small fine and/or a short jail term.
The portion of the law relating to human conduct, to disputes between private parties, and to disputes between private parties and government not covered by criminal law.
A formal charge filed by a prosecutor without the action of a grand jury.
Justice of the Peace
A judge who who stands on the lowest level of the State judicial system and presides over justice courts.
A court order authorizing, or making legal, some official action, such as a search warrant or an arrest warrant.
A justice who handles minor civil complaints and misdameanor cases that arise in an urban setting.
A system for selecting judges that combines features of the appointive and elective methods. The governor selects judges from lists presented by panels of lawyers and laypersons, and at the end of their term, the judges may run against their own record in retention elections.
Executive Powers (4)
(1) Appointment and Removal
Powers of the Governor - Legislative (3)
(1) The Message
(2) Special Sessions
Powers of the Governor - Judicial (4)